Photographer's Note

June 20th, 2011
La Vacquerie-et-Saint-Martin-de-Castries 340317 34520
Hérault Languedoc-Roussillon
43.783 3.450 712 m

The shepherdess, La Vacquerie-et-Saint-Martin-de-Castries

One view. The shepherdess and the ewes.
Other view. The shepherdess and her dog.

Scene of pastoralism on the CAUSSE DU LARZAC, near the "La Trivalle" hamlet, on the municipality of Vacquerie-et-Saint-Martin-de-Castries.
We see in the background the Saint-Baudille mount, 848 m.

The agro-pastoralism was the key element of CANDIDACY FILE of the territory of CAUSSES et CÉVENNES deposited with the UNESCO which ended on June 28th, 2011 in its classification on the UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE LIST.

Vacquerie-et-Saint-Martin-de-Castries is in the perimeter of CAUSSES and CÉVENNES registered on the UNESCO world heritage list since June 28th, 2011.

ANECDOTE: on the page 10/34 of the document pdf of CANDIDACY FILE one can see the entitled photo "Le pont de Montvert" with the mention (Photo DR). DR means reserved rights. This PHOTO WHICH BELONGS TO ME was published WITHOUT the request of my agreement, WITHOUT author's credit, WITHOUT payment. I am going to get angry.

_ The CAUSSE du LARZAC is vastest and southernmost of "GRANDS CAUSSES", large causses. Its 1000 km ² of plateau rise from 600 to 900 meters. It is limited to the North-East by Dourbie river which separates it from "Causse Noir", in the North-West the Tarn river separates it from the plateau of Lévézou, in the west it stops with the depression of Roquefort. Its surface is strewn with famous sites with the military orders, Knights of the Order of the Temple and Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem.

_ The GRANDS CAUSSES, in the south of the Massif Central, are delimited in north by the plateau of "Aubrac", in the east by the Cévennes, the south by the plain of the "lodévois", in the west by the plateau of "Lévézou". These are limestones plateaus whose altitude varies from 700 to 1250 meters of altitude, and of surface going up to 1000 km².
The "Grands Causses" are formed by important "Causses of Larzac" (1000 km²), of "Sauveterre" (550 km²), "Méjean" (330 km²), and "Noir" (200 km²), but also of the causses "Comtal", "Rouge" and of "Sévérac", and many small peripheral causses like causses of "Mende", "Blandas", "Changefèges", "Bégon", etc… No waterway circulates on the surface of the plates, because the rainwater infiltrates in the karstic, generating networks of many swallow-holes and caves, to re-appear in the valleys. Geology of causses and the cévennes.

La Vacquerie-et-Saint-Martin-de-Castries is a French commune, located in the department of Hérault of the Languedoc-Roussillon area, populated of 135 Vacquerois en 2007, distributed on 43.1 km², is 3.1 hab/km².

The name La Vacquerie-et-Saint-Martin-de-Castries is due to the merger of two municipalities in 1832, The municipality of "La Vacquerie", and the municipality of "Saint-Martin de Castries".

Situated on the Causse du Larzac, the municipality of La Vacquerie-et-Saint-Martin-de-Castries is close to the Parc naturel régional des Grands Causses.

Its historic place explains by the presence of a small groundwater, on the road connecting the plain of the Hérault with Rouergue, with ancient limits of influence of the diocese of Lodève and of the abbaye of Gellone.

One finds there many tumulus, 28 dolmens, 5 menhirs, sepulchral caves, caves used like cisterns with chalcolithic and the age of bronze, and habitats and chalcolithic enclosures.
More than 550 dolmens are known in the department of Herault, concentrates mainly on Causse of Larzac, in Minervois, the garrigues of the Peak Saint-Loup in the North of Montpellier.

My images of La Vacquerie-et-Saint-Martin-de-Castries.
Mes images du Causse du Larzac.

Copyright © All rights reserved. The use or the reproduction, on any media, for profit or not profit, of my photographs, including my photographs published in workshop, the notes or the texts, is prohibited without my written authorization. Joel Berthonneau.

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Additional Photos by joel berthonneau (jlbrthnn) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 7189 W: 0 N: 22962] (76041)
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