Photographer's Note

A well-known part of the Slavonian folk costume is also špencle or reklja…. It was made of rolled wool ……. It was created when German craftsmen cut and arranged military uniforms, recorded in the 1820s, a short coat called (špenzle - named after Lord Spencer) or a military uniform Rokel - Reklja. In the description of the expeditions of the Brod's border guards to Hungary as part of the army of Ban J. Jelačić, Dr. J. Matasović in his book Do Ozore 1848 in one chapter states; "The color of the sleeve end and collar was in Brod as well as Burgenland, pale red….
This is what we see in the colored lithograph from 1848, which shows, in addition to various types of Croatian soldiers under Vienna, the mentioned year. In the lithograph, a soldier in an atypical military uniform is particularly interesting, ie with the upper part of the uniform resembling a short coat of coarse cloth or specklet, with a colored twist and engagement, and with a wide-brimmed cap and high top. The first military uniforms were in white… and then from the 1840s dark blue with red and white insignia for the Brod's battalion was introduced.

Josip Lovretić in Zbornik za narodni život i običaje, 1897, ethnographic record, describing the dress in the village of Otok and its surroundings, says; "When it's colder, they wear a pin," ie a knitted saying, while about the clothes (robes) of female children she says: "In winter they wear turkeys. That's what winter said. Some wear spencel (knitted reklu); the little girl said it on her waist, ciphered around her sleeves and around her waist. " He writes about the men's suit: “In Lent they wear knitted sayings. They are usually blue and cut along the body. They carry both early spring and late autumn through the village. It is worn by men and women. ” For the working day (the last day), he writes: Spences have very interesting color ornaments, of various shapes ("rosemary", "hearts", "vine",…), woven on the edges and cuffs. "
Our local folk ethnologist and historian Ivica Ćosić-Bukvin is obviously on this topic in his book “Spences on Strikes”:
Clothing items called rekle, reklje, špenzleti, jankeli, etc. have been seen mainly on tamburitza players for the last ten years. Rare are those who knew what it was about, and even rarer are those who own it. Basically, spences are a part of clothing, folk costumes from the area of ​​Slavonian Posavina, which spread throughout Šokadija. In fact, these are the remains of a military Krajina uniform in places in Slavonia that were under the Military Krajina and the Border during the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. Rolled socks - fusekle - were often worn with pins. Both were worn in pairs, completed in equal patterns. These patterns are also from wartime, the rest of the insignia of various military units (companies). Today they distinguish the parts of Slavonia, it is known where they are from if they are on hearts (Ivankova to Mikanovac), on rosemary (Vinkovci area), on cherries or apples (from Štitar to Brod), and on strikes (county area and "cvelferija" ).

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Nikola Nadas (NickVu) Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 11 W: 0 N: 247] (233)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2020-11-19
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2020-11-19 3:30
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