Photographer's Note

bronze sculptures inside the Hofkirche in Innsbruck.

''The Hofkirche (Court Church) is a Gothic church located in the Old Town (Altstadt) section of Innsbruck, Austria. The church was built in 1553 by Emperor Ferdinand I (1503–1564) as a memorial to his grandfather Emperor Maximilian I (1459–1519), whose cenotaph within boasts a remarkable collection of German Renaissance sculpture. The church also contains the tomb of Andreas Hofer, Tyrol's national hero.[2]

Although Maximilian's will had directed that he be buried in the castle chapel in Wiener Neustadt, it proved impractical to construct there the large memorial whose plans he had supervised in detail, and Ferdinand I as executor planned construction of a new church and monastery in Innsbruck for a suitable memorial. In the end, however, Maximilian's simple tomb remained in Wiener Neustadt and the Hofkirche serves as a cenotaph.
The cenotaph is surrounded by 28 large bronze statues (200–250 cm) of ancestors, relatives and heroes. Their creation took place over between 1502-1555, and occupied a number of artists including Christian Amberger, Albrecht Dürer, Jörg Kölderer, Jörg Polhamer the elder, Gilg Sesselschreiber, Ulrich Tiefenbrunn, and sculptors Peter Vischer the Elder, Hans Leinberger, G. Löffler, Leonhart Magt, and Veit Stoß. Three of the statues are based on designs by Dürer. The following list contains the statues (clockwise from the left of the altar), designer, sculptor, cast, and year of execution:
1.Queen Joanna of Castile († 1555), Sesselschrieber and Kölderer, Magt, Godl, 1528
2.King Ferdinand II of Aragon († 1516), Polhaimer, Magt, Godl, 1530–31
3.Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy († 1467), Sesselschrieber, Magt, Godl, 1521
4.Duke Charles the Bold of Burgundy († 1477), Sesselschrieber and Kölderer, Magt, Godl, 1525–26
5.Archduchess Cymburgis of Masovia († 1429), Sesselschrieber and his workshop, 1516
6.Archduchess Margaret of Austria († 1530), Tiefenbrunn, Magt, Godl, 1522
7.Empress Bianca Maria Sforza († 1511), Tiefenbrunn, Magt, Godl, 1525
8.Archduke Sigismund of Austria († 1496), Kölderer, Magt, Godl, 1523–24
9.King Arthur († 6th century), Dürer, Artusmeister, Vischer, 1513
10.King Ferdinand I of Portugal († 1383), Sesselschrieber and his workshop, 1509
11.Duke Ernest of Austria († 1424), Sesselschrieber and his workshop, 1516
12.King Theoderic the Great († 526), Dürer, Artusmeister, Vischer, 1513
13.Duke Albert II of Austria († 1358), Polhaimer, Magt, Godl, 1528/29
14.King Rudolph I of Germany († 1291), Sesselschrieber and his workshop, 1516/17
15.King Philip I of Castile († 1506), Sesselschrieber and his workshop, 1516
16.King Clovis I of the Franks († 511), Amberger, Arnberger, Löffler, 1509
17.King Albert II of Germany († 1439), Sesselschrieber and Polhaimer, Magt, Godl, 1526
18.Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III († 1493), Sesselschrieber and Kölderer, Magt, Godl, 1523/24
19.Saint Leopold III of Austria († 1136), Kölderer, Magt, Godl, 1520
20.Count Albert IV of Habsburg († 1239), Dürer, Leinberger, Godl, 1517
21.Duke Leopold III of Austria († 1386), Kölderer, Magt, Godl, 1519
22.Duke Frederick IV of Austria with the Empty Pockets († 1439), Tiefenbrunn, Magt, Godl, 1523/24
23.King Albert I of Germany († 1308), Polhaimer, Magt, Godl, 1527
24.King Godfrey of Bouillon of Jerusalem († 1100), Polhaimer, Magt, Godl, 1533
25.Queen Consort Elizabeth of Luxembourg († 1443), Polhaimer, Magt, Godl, 1530
26.Duchess Mary of Burgundy († 1482), Sesselschrieber, Sesselschrieber, Sesselschrieber, 1513/16
27.Queen Elizabeth of Carinthia († 1313), Sesselschrieber and his workshop, 1516
28.Archduchess Kunigunde of Austria († 1520), Sesselschrieber, Sesselschrieber, Sesselschrieber, 1516/17

The gallery contains 23 small statues (66–69 cm) of the Habsburg patron saints. They were designed by court painter Jörg Köldere around 1514/15, and carved into wood and then wax by Leonhard Magt. The church also once contained a number of busts of Roman emperors; 20 are now displayed in Schloß Ambras and one is in the Bavarian National Museum in Munich.''

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Additional Photos by ALESSANDRO MACCHI (SWEETFREEDOM) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1588 W: 0 N: 3172] (24623)
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