Photographer's Note

A street cleaner-lady in siesta in Santiago de Cuba.

Santiago de Cuba, located 870km south-east of Havana, is the second largest city in Cuba.

The city was founded by Spanish conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar in 1514. This was the starting point of the expeditions to the coasts of Mexico in 1518, and to Florida in 1538. From 1522 until 1589 Santiago was the capital of the Spanish colony of Cuba.

The city experienced an influx of French immigrants in the late 18th century and early 19th century, many coming from Haiti after the Haitian slave revolt of 1791. This added to the city's eclectic cultural mix, already rich with Spanish and African culture.

Spanish troops faced their main defeat here in 1898, during the Spanish-American War. Spain later surrendered to the United States after the destruction of its Atlantic fleet just outside Santiago's harbor.

Santiago de Cuba was also the city where the Cuban revolution broke out and Fidel Castro proclaimed the victory of the Cuban Revolution from a balcony on Santiago de Cuba's city hall in 1959.

Corrected the axis, applied local brightness, increased sharpness.


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Additional Photos by Erdem Kutukoglu (Suppiluliuma) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 266 W: 105 N: 604] (3931)
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