Photographer's Note

When I looked at the Jorge photo of the bell tower in Kremlin, I noticed it is something written just behind the dome. I haven't noticed it earlier so I looked at my pictures (I have some hundreds of photos of Kremlin). I made a close-up, and here it is. It is written in the Old Church Slavonic script.

Old Church Slavonic or Church Slavonic is a literary language which developed from the language used by St Cyril and St Methodius, 9th-century missionaries from Byzantium, to translate the bible and other religious works. Cyril and Methodius based their translations on a Slavonic dialect of the Thessalonika area and invented a new alphabet, Glagolitic, in order to write them. Sometime during the 10th century AD a new alphabet appeared which was known as Cyrillic and named after St Cyril, though it was possibly invented by St Kliment of Ohrid. The Cyrillic alphabet was used to write the Old Church Slavonic language and was later adapated to write many other languages.

Old Church Slavonic was used as the liturgical language of the Russian Orthodox church between the 9th and 12th centuries. A more modern form of the language, known as Church Slavonic, appeared during the 14th century and is still used in the Russian Orthodox church.
The form of the Russian alphabet underwent a change when Tsar Peter the Great introduced the Civil Script гражданка, graždanka.

It is a bit difficult, but I can read what is written there: In the upper ring, Borisa Fodorovicha ... Izvolenie, in the middle one - vielikogo kniazia vsey Rusi, and in the lower ring - Fedora Bori(sovicha).

I found the whole in Google: "BY THE WILL of the Holy Trinity by the command of the Great Tsar and GRAND DUKE BORIS FEDOROVIC Of ALL RUSSIA the autocrat and the son of his faithful great sovereign the tsarevich prince FYODOR BORISOVICH of All Russia this temple was BUILT and gilded in the second summer of their state".

The Ivan the Great Bell Tower (Russian: Колокольня Ивана Великого, Kolokol'nya Ivana Velikogo) is a church tower inside the Moscow Kremlin complex. With a total height of 81 metres (266 ft), it is the tallest tower and structure of Kremlin. It was built in 1508 on Cathedral Square for the three Russian Orthodox cathedrals, namely the Assumption (closest to the tower), the Archangel and the Annunciation, which do not have their own belfries.

The bell tower, completed in 1508, originally had two belfries on different levels and a height of around 60 meters. Because of its height, the tower also served as an observation point against fires and the approach of enemies.

A new church, the Church of the Resurrection, was built next to the tower from 1531 to 1543, but already by the end of the 17th century it was used as bell choir stalls to supplement the hanging bells, rather than as a place of worship.

In 1600 on the orders of Boris Godunov the tower was raised to its present height. Until the building of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in 1883, it was the tallest building in old Moscow, and it was forbidden to put up any building in Moscow which was taller than the Bell Tower.

See also two Workshops with the wider view of the tower, nice also but I wanted to show this signs.

holmertz, PaulVDV, Royaldevon, jhm, foxy, PiotrF, COSTANTINO, ricardomattos has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 13115 W: 141 N: 33943] (154478)
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