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Photographer's Note

I have seen many metros in the world, but so beautiful metro as Moscow, I had never seen before. Moscow metro stations are the most magnificent and unique stations in the world.
Every four or five days I will show you a photo of one of the stations.

Other Moscow metro station:

Park Pobedy station

Novoslobodskaya station

Kievskaya station

Mayakovskaya Station

Belorusskaya station

The Moscow Metro

The Moscow Metro (Russian: Московский метрополитен, Moskovskiy metropoliten), which spans almost the entire Russian capital, is the world's second most heavily used metro system after the Tokyo's twin subway. Opened in 1935, it is well known for the ornate design of many of its stations, which contain numerous examples of socialist realist art.
In total, the Moscow Metro has 298.8 km (185.7 mi) of route length, 12 lines, and 180 stations; on a normal weekday it carries over 7 million passengers. Passenger traffic is considerably lower on weekends, bringing the average daily passenger traffic during the year to 6.6 million passengers per day. The Moscow Metro is a state-owned enterprise.
The system operates according to an enhanced spoke-hub distribution paradigm, with most rail lines running between central Moscow and its suburbs. The Koltsevaya line forms a circular ring that connects the spokes and facilitates passenger movements between outer portions of lines without having to travel all the way into the central city.
Each line is identified by an alphanumeric index (usually consisting of just a number), a name, and a colour. The voice announcements refer to lines by name, while in colloquial usage they are mostly referred to by colour, except the Kakhovskaya Line (number 11) which has been assigned shade of green similar to that of the Zamoskvoretskaya Line (number 2), Koltsevaya Line (number 5) and Butovskaya Line (number L1). Most lines run radially through the city, except the Koltsevaya Line (number 5), which is a 20-km-long ring connecting all the radial lines and a few smaller lines outside. On all lines, travellers can determine the direction of the train by the gender of the announcer: on the ring line, a male voice indicates clockwise travel, and a female voice counter-clockwise. On the radial lines, travellers heading toward the centre of Moscow will hear male-voiced announcements, and travellers heading away will hear female-voiced announcements. In addition, there is an abundance of signs showing all the stations that can be reached in a given direction.
The system was built almost entirely underground, although some lines (numbers 1, 2, and 4) cross the Moskva River, while line number 1 also crosses the Yauza River by bridge. Fewer than 10% of the stations are at or above the surface level. The surface sections of the Metro include the western part of Filyovskaya Line continuing as Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line between Kievskaya and Molodyozhnaya (eight surface stations), and the Butovskaya Light Metro Line (L1) with four elevated stations. The other surface stations are Vykhino, Izmaylovskaya and Vorobyovy Gory (the latter is built into a lower level of a bridge). There are several short surface stretches, including those between the stations Avtozavodskaya and Kolomenskaya (where a new station Technopark is going to be built), and between Tekstilshchiki and Volgogradsky Prospekt.
The Moscow Metro is open from about 05:30 until 01:00 (the precise opening time varies at different stations according to the arrival time of the first train, but all stations close for entrance simultaneously at 01:00). The system is then closed overnight (for a maintenance window) from 01:00 to about 05:30. During the morning and evening rush hours, trains run roughly every 90 seconds (minute and a half) on most lines. At other times during the day, they run about every two to three and a half minutes (120 to 210 seconds), and every six to ten minutes (360 to 600 seconds) late at night. Given the frequency of service, specific timetables are not necessary nor provided to passengers.
The Moscow Metro has a broad gauge of 1,520 mm (59.8 in), like ordinary Russian railways, and an underrunning third rail with a supply of 825 V DC. The average distance between stations is 1,700 m (5,577 ft), the shortest (502 m (1,647 ft)) section being between Vystavochnaya and Mezhdunarodnaya and the longest (6,627 m (21,742 ft)) between Krylatskoye and Strogino. The long distances between stations have the positive effect of a commercial cruising speed of 41.7 km/h (26 mph).
Since the beginning of Moscow metro, platforms have been built to be at least 155 m long, so as to accommodate eight-car trains. The only exceptions are certain stations of Filyovskaya line: Vystavochnaya, Mezhdunarodnaya, Studencheskaya, Kutuzovskaya, Fili, Bagrationovskaya, Filyovsky Park, Pionerskaya, which only allow six-car trains (note that this list includes all ground-level stations of Filyovskaya line, except Kuntsevskaya).
Trains on lines 2, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 consist of eight cars, on lines 1, 3 of seven cars or of five articulated Rusich cars and on lines 5 and 11 of six cars, line 4 used to have six cars trains as well, but now it is operated by four car articulated Rusich trains.Rolling stock on the Koltsevaya Line (5) and Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line (3) now is also being replaced with four-car and five-car Rusich trains. Line L1 is called the "Light metro". It was designed to its own standards and has shorter (96 m) platforms. It employs articulated Rusich trains, which consist of three cars, but it can also be served by traditional four-car trains.
The Moscow metro comprises 180 stations, of which 71 are deep-level, and 88 are shallow. Of the deep stations, 52 are pylon-type, 18 are column-type and one is "single-vault" (Leningrad technology). The shallow stations comprise 63 of the pillar-type (a large portion of them following the infamous "sorokonozhka" design), 20 "single-vaults" (Kharkov technology) and three single-decked. In addition there are 11 ground-level stations and four above ground. Two of the stations exist as double halls, and two have three tracks. Five of the stations have side platforms (only one of them-subterranean). The station Vorobyovy Gory is on a bridge. Three other metro bridges exist but are covered or hidden. In addition there are two closed stations and one that is derelict.
There are also four stations, reserved for future service: Volokolamskaya of Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line, Delovoi Tsentr of Kalininskaya and Solntsevskaya lines and Park Pobedy of Solntsevskaya line. Besides these, there are several abandoned stations: old Kaluzhskaya and old Pervomayskaya stations are now parts of metro depots.

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Additional Photos by Sasko Glavica (Fante) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 615 W: 62 N: 1030] (5429)
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