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Photographer's Note

Tree Yellow, scientific name Gandaca harina distanti butterfly. Tree Yellow has its vein 7 on the hindwing originating from well before the end of the cell. In contrast, the Grass Yellow species has rises at or just before the cell-end. On the upperside, the wings are pale lemon-yellow with a narrow black apical border on the forewing. In the female, this black border has a dentate projection along vein 4. On the underside, the wings are pale lemon-yellow without any markings.Pupation takes place about 0.5-1 day later. The pupa secures itself with the same silk girdle as in the pre-pupal stage, but with the cremaster replacing claspers in attaching the posterior end to the silk pad, It has a pointed cephalic horn) and a slightly keeled wing pad, and its body is free of any spots/markings. The body colour is pale green throughout with the abdomen in paler green. Length of pupae: 17-19.5mm.
After about 4 days of development, the pupal skin turns translucent as the development within the pupal case comes to an end. The yellow coloration and back borders on the forewing upperside are now discernible. The following day, the adult butterfly emerges from the pupal case.

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Additional Photos by Alex Fan Moniz (LondonBoy) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 97 W: 0 N: 660] (2606)
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