Photographer's Note

This is a small town with a population of 20,000 and area is 66km2 in western Saga. The circumference is surrounded in the forest or the mountain. It is located in the middle of the train line which runs Sasebo from Fukuoka.
It is famous for the town which produced the porcelain begun in Japan here, and even now, the tradition is taken over by name called Arita ware and Imari ware.
If you walk along a town, kiln origin is here and there and the chimney stands. Arita was continuing production of porcelain over the long period of time uniquely in Japan until porcelain production started in various places in the late Edo period.
Manufacture of the porcelain in Japan started at the beginning of the 17th century. At the time of Hideyoshi Toyotomi's Korean campaigns, many generals were accompanied to Japan by the potter, and returned. A potter discovers white porcelain ore in the mountain in Arita, and is called founder of Arita ware which opened kiln there and burned the first white porcelain in Japan. When it entered at the Edo period, the colorful porcelain which performs dyed-figures-on-cloth attachment after calcination came to be produced. This is strongly subject to the influence from China. When it went into Meiji Era, Arita ware grew up into the industry which contributes to acquisition of foreign currency as one of the governmental promotion of industry.
This photograph is taken when I went to a porcelain museum at Arita town.

Distinction of Earthenware, pottery and Porcelain

Earthenware: Earthenware is a vessel finished by kneading into a stiff dough, fabricating, burning and hardening the ground. Generally, neither clay nor kiln is used but the vessel burned at the temperature of 700-900 ℃ in the state of field ware is pointed out.

pottery: What burned the clay containing many kaolinite and montmorillonites at the temperature of 1100-1300 ℃ by kiln as materials. Glaze is used.
Although light does not let it pass, there is water absorbency. It is heavy thick and sound when it strikes is also blunt. It is divided into a rough china and an energy china

Porcelain: Through and water absorbency are not almost about a half light. Moreover, in pottery, it is the hardest, and if it flips lightly, a metallic sound will carry out. Although a clayey thing, quartz, and clay are calcinated at about 1300℃ as materials, it is divided into soft porcelain and hard porcelain with calcination temperature or materials.

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Additional Photos by mikio kato (kato) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1386 W: 219 N: 3395] (11630)
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