Photographer's Note

This is a shot of the millennium old famous Golkonda Fort. It is situated 11 kms. West of the Indian city of Hyderabad. Golkonda or Golla Konda translated means 'Shepherd's Hill'.
It was built in 945-970 CE by the Kakatiya dynasty, a dynasty of Hindu rulers from South India. Initially it was built with mud and stones.
With the fall of the Kakatia dynasty, the fort came to the hands of the rulers of the state of Warrangal for a short while which was later conquered by the Islamic Bahamani Sultanate.
The fort became the capital of a major province in the Sultanate and after its collapse the capital of the Qutb Shahi kings.
The Qutb Shahi sultanate lasted until its conquest by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in 1687. The fortress held out against Aurangzeb for nine months, falling to the Mughals through treachery.
The fort finally fell into ruins as Aurangzeb's seat of control was in Delhi and he had no plans to move to the South.
Although built by the Kakatiya's and later exchanged many hands, the fort rose to prominence during the rule of the Qutb Shahi kings as their capital
Over a period of 62 years the mud fort was expanded by the first three Qutb Shahi kings into a massive fort of granite, extending around 7 km in circumference, whose massive walls enclosed a self-sufficient city

The old Golkonda fort city was also home to the Golkonda mines, which was the only diamond mine in the world for a long period of time.
It has produced the world's most famous, valuable and coveted diamonds, including The Hope Diamond, Idol's Eye, The Koh-i-Noor and Darya-i-Noor.

Pictured here is the highest point of the fort known as the "Bala Hissar" pavilion, which is located on top of granite hill a kilometer away from the main entrance 'Fateh Darwaza' or Victory Gate. The picture is taken from the Durbar Hall where a fantastic light and sound programme is held every evening narrating the rich history and culture of the Fort.
There are numerous other interesting facts about this old fort, but I will stop here else the viewers may get bored reading the note :-). May be I will share them with some other photo of the same place.
Thanks for visiting.

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Additional Photos by Subho Banerjee (Subhogen) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 412 W: 14 N: 908] (4067)
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