Photographer's Note

In Matmata there are about 300 still used troglodyte houses built 800 - 900 years ago by the Berber populations of Tunisia.

Usually a curved tunnel was escavated from the external of a mountain to reach an approximately round countyard of about 100 sq. mt.

The yard is similar to a big well as deep as 7-10 mt.
In the walls of the yard there are holes (doors) to reach various rooms that don't receive any daylight other than the little one coming from the door: kitchen, bedrooms, deposits etc. depending on the members of the family.
To be noted that one bedroom was used only for the first night of marriage, and thereafter no longer used or used for other purposes, like deposit.

This system is very clever, because, considering that all around is desert and the external temperature can reach 45 C and more, the internal climate might be maintained relatively constant and comfortable.

Additionally the house was also a very well protected system from the external possible invasions.

The yard is also used to collect the rare and precious rain that is kept into an underground deposit.

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Additional Photos by Silvano Mazzolini (silvan) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 162 W: 0 N: 62] (1786)
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