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LIBYAN DESERT
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The desert represents more than 90% of the Libyan territories and is an important Libyan resource with many tourist attraction landmarks. This includes historic arts, agricultural, urban constructions and habitations in oases and desert lakes. Such a diversity in desert tourist phenomena in Libya gives several opportunities to perform entertainment, cultural and scientific activities to satisfy the desire of the adventurer tourist and the amateur sportsman tourist through the desert paths. Moreover, the natural beauty distinguishing the Libyan desert and its calm, isolation and simplicity of life present unlimited photographic opportunities.
The desert areas are characterized with a moderate climate, warm during winter and spring seasons. The area has a large diversity of landscapes resulting from the multiplicity of relief aspects. Sand dunes, lakes, oasis and many rock formations add on to the spleandour of this region.

The oases are considered in general among the most important desert tourist landmarks distinguished with their natural beauty. The oases are surrounded with sand dunes, and sometimes with lakes, which make all thereof distinct tourist attractive landscapes. This is in addition to the richness of such oases of their cultural heritage and old cities having distinct style, as the oases are the permanent green areas in the desert.The most important oasis in the area is Ghadames oasis, Ghat oasis, Wadi Elhayat oases, Wadi Eshati oases, Jufra oases and Kufra oasis.

The sand dunes enable the tourists to perform fun activities, such as walking and skiing on sands, use of sailing trolleys, or healing of hot sand baths. The most important sand dunes areas in south Libya are Adhan Ubari, Adhan Merzuq, and the dunes near Ghadames oasis.

Gaber Aoun, Mendra and Om-Elmaa lakes are located within the eleven lakes in Ramlat Ezzellaf and are considered the most famous desert lakes attracting tourists and visitors. Bezima lake surrounded with Ramlat Rabiyan, located near Elkufra oasis, is considered to have important tourist potentialities.

The desert mountains and hills in south Libya add other aesthetic aspects to the desert beauty. Among the most important and famous mountainous areas is Akakus mountains, located in the southwest part of the country, near the Algerian borders, extending north until Awinat area, and south until south Ghat, in parallel of Wadi Tenzruft. This area is characterized with the fascinating landscapes due to the natural caverns. It is distinguished also with its multi-colour rocks giving its very declined borders a fascinating beautiful view.

The black Harouj represents another phenomenon among those of the attractive nature, due the diversity of volcanic rocks and zigzag of its relief forming the vastest area covered with quiet volcanos in Africa. The black Harouj is located in the middle of Libya, and it may be acceded through several areas, from Zella oasis in the north, and from Elfekha oasis in the west and Temessa in the southwest. It seems that the Harouj was a graze of wild and domestic animals which were living near the lakes and water creeks in the epochs before history, where sites of drawings engraved in the rocks of animals like lion, elephant and giraffe, and the existence of many sites for sharp stone tools industry referred to the recent and old stone age, at Wadi Eljadari and Wadi Eshadida, north of the Harouj, in north of the Seven Kour exactly.

As to volcano of Waw Enamous, the writers and specialists in writing about the tourism describe it and its lakes as the best landscapes in the world. Waw Enamous is located in an isolated area south of the Harouj Elaswed (black), about 100km, in the middle of Tebesti Sarir (bed) surface. The volcano of Waw Enamous is surrounded by about 10 beautiful lakes, some thereof have fresh water sources surrounded with palm trees, tall bamboo canes, and tamarisk trees. Some of those lakes have red colour due to the growth of a big number of crustaceans. In such a unique environmental system, immigrating birds, some foxes, wolves, reptiles further to big numbers of mosquitos and insects are living there.

Besides these desert mountainous highs there are other mountainous areas such as eastern Awinat mountains, near the Egyptian borders, which attract the visitors desiring to watch free hawk and fascinating mountainous views, in addition to Emsak Staft and Emsak Mellit mountainous areas, and Suda mountain area and other less important highs.

Among the other desert attracting aspects are the lands of the Sarir and Hamadat (macadam hills), where the most important thereof is Sarir Tebesti, Hamada Hamra and Hamada Tenghret. The rocky formations, effected by the air erosion factors, such as multi-forms macadam, are considered among the unique phenomena covering the Hamadat and Sarir.

Moreover, the Libyan desert areas contains plant and animal life. The desert plant cover is featured in general with diversity, despite the lack of density. It is represented in tamarisk, acacia and mimosa trees, further to huge numbers of rare medical herbs. As to the wild life, it contains types of animals, such gazelles and waddans, in addition to types of birds and insects

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Additional Photos by cuneyt basegmez (cuneyt-sb) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1275 W: 113 N: 1440] (6576)
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