Photographer's Note

Over 30 years of excavation have led to the discovery of many Roman remains including this well-preserved theater with marble seats for up to 800 spectators, galleries and sections of mosaic-flooring. A pleasure garden surrounded by Roman villas and baths.
The Roman Theatre consider one of the most interesting things about Alexandria, I think, is that there is an entire, older Roman city beneath the modern one. Built in the 4th century AD, it remained in use until about the 7th century AD. In the few places they have dug down they have discovered Roman roads, baths, houses, streets and theatres. One of the best excavated ruin is the Roman theatre. Originally, the area was excavated looking for the site of the Paneion ("Park of Pan") in an area called the Hill of Rubble - Kom el-Dikkah. Instead of a part, a small amphitheater was found. In the layers above the roman street were found a Muslim cemetery and slums. Some of the substructure still exists, in brick and marble. The theatre was not discovered in 1963, when it was found during excavation for a new building .The half-round Odeon seats 700-800, with 12 rows of marble seats facing a small stage. The stage still has some of the original mosaic paving, and the passages and rooms under the theatre seats for the actors can still be seen.
The theatre is still in use, sort of. While visitors do not sit on the marble seats -- some still with visible numbers on them -- a new set of concrete and stone galleries have been built into the hillside, and a new stage erected before the original. The Roman Amphitheater is now the backdrop for a modern theatre company, and plays and lectures are performed here regularly.
The modern theatre overlooking the original .Nearby is the remains of the Roman Baths, and the Villa of the Birds. Also mentioned is an earlier structure, the Great Theatre from the Ptolemaic period, which was probably further north and as yet undiscovered. The theatre was built by Romans during the second century AD. It is made of white marble. 13 rows of seats for about 800 spectators. The shape and the columns prove that there was a half-round shaped roof covering the stage. This kind of theatre was called ‘Odion’; it was a place for musical representations.

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 10832 W: 126 N: 19693] (103084)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2010-07-29
  • Categories: Architecture
  • Exposure: f/4.5, 1/1000 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2010-09-13 23:48
Viewed: 3780
Points: 52
Additional Photos by Luciano Gollini (lousat) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 10832 W: 126 N: 19693] (103084)
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