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Pygmy is a term used for various ethnic groups worldwide whose average height is unusually low; anthropologists define pygmy as any group whose adult males grow to less than 150 cm (4 feet 11 inches) in average height. A member of a slightly taller group is termed pygmoid. The best known pygmies are the Aka, Ef and Mbuti of central Africa. There are also pygmies in Thailand, Malaysia,Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and Brazil.The term also includes the Negritos of Southeast Asia. The remains of at least 25 miniature humans, who lived between 1,000 and 3,000 years ago, were found on the islands of Palau in Micronesia.
The term "pygmy" is sometimes considered pejorative. However, there is no single term to replace it that covers all African pygmies. Many so-called pygmies prefer instead to be referred to by the name of their various ethnic groups, or names for various interrelated groups such as the Aka (Mbenga), Baka, Mbuti, and Twa. The term Bayaka, the plural form of the Aka/Yaka, is sometimes used in the Central African Republic to refer to all local Pygmies. Likewise, the Kongo word Bambenga is used in Congo.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pygmies

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