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Photographer's Note

Hello friends and colleagues, today I present this beautiful green lamp, with the peaks of snow-capped Sierra Nevada in the background, a view from the Mirador de San Nicolas, in her neighborhood known Albaizin of the beautiful city of Granada, hopefully you like.

Granada is a municipality and a Spanish city, capital of the province, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located in the center of the county Vega of Granada, at an altitude of 738 meters, in a wide depression formed by the river intrabética Genil and the foothills of the tallest mountain in the Iberian Peninsula, Sierra Nevada, which determines its climate.

Zirí was capital of the Kingdom of Granada, in the eleventh century, and the Kingdom of Granada between the thirteenth and fifteenth. After the capture of the city by the Catholic Kings remained Castilian capital of the Kingdom of Granada, which was a simple territorial jurisdiction and remained until 1833, at which time there was a new provincial division in Spain, still in force. His coat of arms bears the titles "Very noble, loyal, appointed, large, very famous and heroic city of Granada."

Granada is a core receiver tourism due to its monuments and the closeness of his ski career and the historical area known as La Alpujarra and also the part of the coast known as Costa Tropical Granada. Among its historic buildings, the Alhambra is one of the largest in the country, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984, along with the garden of the Generalife and the Albaicin. Its cathedral is considered the first Renaissance church in Spain.

Antiquity.
The oldest remains that have been excavated in the city of Granada have been dated to the middle of the seventh century. C. and correspond to rooms belonging to the Iberian oppidum called Ilturir. There is no record of previous settlements at this time, although there were near towns of importance as it was argárico settlement of Cerro de la Encina, in Granada, about 7 km to the east, which was abandoned around 1200 to . C., or the end of the Bronze Age, the Cerro de los Infantes in Pinos Puente, about 10 miles west, dated between 800 and 700. C. and subsequently remained a town with the name of "Ilurco". Ilturir occupied some 5 ha on top of the hill of St. Nicholas, on the right bank of the river Darro, just where the river valley tuck Genil. It was surrounded by a wall, in the sixth century. C., was extended as a result of population growth. In the fourth century or III. C., became known by the name of Iliberri and was included in the area controlled by the bastetanos and, from a more economic than military, for the Carthaginians.

The defeat of Carthage in the Second Punic War opened the city gates to the Romans. Some authors suggest, based on Livy's troops were defeated in Paulo Emilio Ilurco, circa 190 BC. C., before Tiberius Gracchus conquered the whole area, to 180. C.33 However, it seems rather than submission to Rome was the result of a pact or agreement. Ilíberis, including in Further Spain, Caesar won the title of municipality, with the name "Municipium Florentinum Iliberitanum" so that Roman sources the centuries following the often quoted as "Florentia". He was later subsumed in Andalusia and, finally, to the first century AD. C., incorporated Astigitanus Conventus.

For some authors, it was a city of great importance. However, archaeological excavations have not validated this character important city, which gave three senators and a consul in Rome, as well as being home to a Christian council, around the year 304 d. C. In any case, should be ruined at some point in the early Middle Ages, as in the early eighth century, the site was deserted.

Middle Ages.
At least since the time of the creation of the Emirate of Córdoba and until the fall of the Caliphate, that is, between the eighth and eleventh centuries, the site of the present city of Granada was uninhabited, remaining only the remains of the Iberian oppidum, used as strength ("Hisn") at the time of the Rebellion muladíes (ninth century). Some authors consider that could survive a small core or farmhouse around "Hisn Garnata", the name by which it was known in the ancient Muslim period Ilíberis. In any case, the major city in the period 712-1012, the neighbor was "Madinat Ilbira", about 10 miles west, which became the capital of the Cora Elvira and one of the most important cities of al-Andalus .
The turmoil that led to the formation of the Taifa Kingdoms gave the throne of the Zirid Granada. The first one, Zawi ben Ziri, founded the new city of Madinat Garnata in 1013, around the existing castle, leaving Elvira Medina, which was depopulated around 1020, and ruined. Thereafter, Muslim Granada, had three distinct phases of development:

Ziri period. - The area originally occupied, intensively, is located in the center of the current Albaicin, called Alcazaba Cadima (al-Qasba Qadima). By the end of the eleventh century, and was most urbanized of the hill, surrounded by a wall that still remains largely partially embedded in the urban village. The city had an extension Zirid 75 ha and about 4,400 homes spread over several neighborhoods on the hill of the Albaicin.

Berber time. - The urban structure of the city was changed slightly in the long period of domination of the Almoravids and the Almohads (1090-1269). From the analysis of the Arab sources have different authors show that in Almoravid period widened the walled, opening doors as the Arch of the Weights and Bib-Albunaida (Monaita Gate), both still standing, also corresponds to this time Bib-Alfajjarin the former, or the Potters, and the castle known as Torres Bermejas. The Almohads left buildings such as the Alcazar Genil, and slums walled East, where today the Realejo.

Nasrid period. - The creation of the Kingdom of Granada, promoted the growth and wealth of the city, the suburbs amurallándose the Albaicin, and rising the palace city of the Alhambra. Its construction was started by King Alhamar, leveraging the existence of an ancient fortress Zirid. His son, Muhammad II erected the most palatial areas, and for the beginning of the fourteenth century, there was already a medina, with shops, private homes and community buildings. The royal mosque (megit sultani) was built by Muhammad III and, by then, Madinat al-Hamra was already a real village. The city Nazari, was organized in six districts walled, connected by doors closing at night, and each of them, divided into neighborhoods of different sizes and character.
The city will stay with this structure, until the sixteenth century, after the conquest of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs in 1492, but eleven years after the surrender of the city, which would eventually generated changes significantly alter its character.
Source Wikipedia.
Make: NIKON CORPORATION
Model: NIKON D3100
Software: PhotoScape
Exposure Time: 10/6400 sec
F-Stop: f/18.0
ISO Speed Ratings: 400
Focal Length: 56 mm
Date Taken: 2012-03-14 17:33
Metering Mode: Center Weighted Average
File Size: 291 kb

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Additional Photos by angel cornejo (cornejo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2371 W: 0 N: 5436] (28812)
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