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Photographer's Note

The church of the Holy Wisdom is a jewel of architecture byzantine of the beginning of the era byzantine (since more than 1400 years). It was set up into 532, then destroyed twice by fires. Rebuilt on ashes of the basilica, Sainte-Sophie was inaugurated after less than 6 years of building site on December 26 537 by the Justinien emperor, who devoted it to divine wisdom (Agia Sophia in Greek).

To equip the walls and to draw up the columns, Emperor Justinien made come from the provinces of the Empire a large variety of marbles: white marble of Marmara, green marble of the island of Eubée, pink marble of the careers of Synnada and yellow marble of Africa.

The vast building site is entrusted to two Greek architects come especially from Anatolia. Anthémius de Tralles and Isidore de Milet (who directed in his time the Platonic Academy of Athens), will base themselves on the Eastern principles of construction. They were also inspired by the Roman Pantheon and of the primitive Christian art of the Occident the most beautiful marbles of all the Mediterranean area were conveyed for its construction. Certain columns and ornaments were recovered in the temples of Diane with Ephèse, of Athens, of Delphes, Délos, Osiris in Egypt.

After the fall of Constantinopole in 1453 A.C.(nowadays Istanbul) the church initially became a mosque and finally a museum.

ifanik, stelli, kibele66, sinanevman, mihaela_hk, Hellas has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Michael Pilitsis (Olympos) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 99 W: 24 N: 199] (1037)
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