Trajan's Forum (Latin: Forum Traiani) is an ancient structure in Rome, Italy, chronologically the last of the Imperial fora. The forum was constructed by the architect Apollodorus of Damascus.
This forum was constructed on the order of Emperor Trajan with the spoils of war from the conquest of Dacia, which ended in 106. The Fasti Ostienses states that the Forum was inaugurated in 112, while Trajan's Column was erected and then inaugurated in 113.
To build this monumental complex, extensive excavations were required: workers eliminated the sides of the Quirinal and Capitoline (Campidoglio) Hills, which closed the valley occupied by the Imperial forums toward the Campus Martius.
It is possible that the excavations were initiated under Emperor Domitian, while the project of the Forum was completely attributed to the architect Apollodorus of Damascus, who also accompanied Emperor Trajan in the Dacian campaign.
During the time of the construction, several other projects took place: the construction of the Markets of Trajan, and the renovation of the Caesar's Forum (where the Basilica Argentaria was built) and the Temple of Venus Genetrix.
The Forum was built from a vast stoa-lined piazza measuring 200 x 120 m with exedrae on two sides. The main entrance to the forum is on the southern side, a triumphal arch surmounted by a statue of Trajan in a six-horse chariot. The Basilica Ulpia lies at the north end of the piazza, which was cobbled with rectangular blocks of white marble and decorated by a large equestrian statue of Trajan. On either side of the piazza are markets, also housed by the exedrae.
North of the Basilica was a smaller piazza, with a temple dedicated to the deified Trajan on the far north side facing inwards. Directly north of the Basilica Ulpia on either side of the forum were two libraries, one housing Latin documents and the other Greek documents. Between the libraries was the 38 m Trajan's Column.
In the mid-4th century, Constantius II, while visiting Rome, was amazed by the huge equestrian statue of Trajan and by the surrounding buildings:
But when he came to the Forum of Trajan, a construction unique under the heavens, as we believe, and admirable even in the unanimous opinion of the gods, he stood fast in amazement, turning his attention to the gigantic complex about him, beggaring description and never again to be imitated by mortal men. (Ammianus XVI.10.15)
The imperial visit and the landmarks of the forum were described by historian Ammianus Marcellinus.
In modern times only a section of the markets and the column of Trajan remain. A number of columns which historically formed the Basilica Ulpia remained on site, and have been re-erected. The construction of the Via dei Fori Imperiali in 1933 covered a number of these columns, which remain visible under the arches on which the road runs.
This modern street and its heavy motor vehicle traffic are quickly destroying this Forum and all other buildings and monuments over and through which it runs, with constant vibrations, smoke and acidic vapors (sulfur and carbonic). All halfhearted attempts to deconstruct and remove this Fascist era road (Via dei Fori Imperiali) have failed for the past 45 years.
Nombre de archivo Imagen 1213.jpg
Nombre del modelo de cámara Canon DIGITAL IXUS 95 IS
Hora y fecha de disparo 26/08/2012 12:11:56
Modo de disparo Auto
Modo Mis colores Off
Tv (Velocidad de obturación) 1/160
Av (Valor de apertura) 8.0
Med. de luz Evaluativa
Compensación de la exposición 0
Velocidad ISO 80(Auto)
Objetivo 6.2 - 18.6 mm
Distancia focal 6.2 mm
Zoom Digital Ninguno
Modo IS On
Tamaño de la imagen 3648x2736
Calidad de la imagen Fina
Balance Blancos Auto
Modo AF AF continuo
Parámetros Contraste Normal
Espacio color sRGB
Tamaño de archivo 2207 KB
Critiques | Translate
dta (81714) 2014-01-21 10:38
Hola Amnu ,
Des couleurs bien saturées , une très belle lumière , le contraste avec ce beau ciel nuageux : cette vue du célèbre forum est superbe .
cornejo (46148) 2014-01-21 10:40
Hola Manuel, me gusta esta buena fotografía de esta bonita vista del interesante lugar, muy bien captada en esta bonita imagen, con buena nitidez, profundidad, luz y color. Excelente e interesante trabajo perfectamente realizado, mis felicitaciones amigo mio. Gracias por compartir este bonito trabajo.
Buena noche y feliz semana.
Romano46 (18472) 2014-01-21 11:01
una foto che non posso fare a meno di aggiungere alle mie preferite.
Quella che io reputo la più bella vista di Roma: i mercati di Traiano e la Torre delle Milizie riprese dal Vittoriano.
Una foto molto simile ad una mia, anzi a mio parere, ancora più bella per i colori molto caldi e la particolare luce che illumina il cielo.
Ciao e buona serata
aleXundar (1256) 2014-01-21 11:12
What a spectacular shot! The intricate details are so wonderfully extracted from the huge group of constructions! The colors are superb. Perfect use of light too.
An outstanding panorama. Thanks for sharing.
With warm regards,
RhodieIke (11744) 2014-01-21 11:21
Wow this is stunning, architecturally, super history and fantastic colours and very informant note.
Love your Pov.
chrislo (4097) 2014-01-21 11:41
A great image of this historic site, captured and composed just like a beautiful painting. The viewpoint is superb with great warm colours and super sharp détails. The moody sky adds to the beauty of the scene. A first class image from a talented photographer.
ruisc_pt (11090) 2014-01-21 14:24
Uma fantástica imagejm.
Cores composição e contraste entre tijole e verdes
npecanhuk (77805) 2014-01-21 14:37
Wonderful place in Rome!
Very beautiful and attractive picture!
Sharpness, exposure, colors, slim horizontal format, chosen pov and composition are all excellent!
TFS - congrats,
tatadalou (7459) 2014-01-21 15:38
Una luz muy bella sobre el Forum, el verde de los arboles y el rojo de las construcciones se completan de bella manera..
jjcordier (79297) 2014-01-21 23:04
Très bon point de vue sur le forum de Trajan. des couleurs particulières qui donnent de l'originalité à la photo.
emka (105686) 2014-01-21 23:40
Hola Manu, beautiful view of the Traian markets from the high POV, probably taken from Vittoriano. I like the nice colours and excellent sharpness. Stunning composition.
Warm regards Malgo
krzychu30 (15512) 2014-01-22 0:07
classic shot,but your treament of it makes the well known scene truly spectacular!HDR at its best!Well applied to get the best out of this image!
Have a nice day
Kamilutka (8107) 2014-01-22 2:43
Rome is astonishingly beautiful as you just managed to capture its charm very well. The POV chosen for this scene seems to be ideal to show plenty of the forum and its surroundings. Great colors and the light adds definitely to the amazing final result.
Thanks for sharing
SnapRJW (31629) 2014-01-22 5:54
Hello Manu - The detail here is astonishing, what an impressive shot with top class PP work. Light, colours and textures are all finely managed. Here is a shot to study and enjoy. Warm regards Rosemary
boa (7581) 2014-01-22 12:18
Beautiful and interesting historical site which reminds me of that i am reading a serie of books about Julius Caesar now (5 books). The light and colors are both excellent in this shot, and your note is interesting reading, Tfs!
Have a nice evening/
serp2000 (45578) 2014-01-24 11:46
I don't see the cars, the wires and the satellites in the composition, I want to say this is somewhere in time. Excellent photo of Rome, perfect quality, it could be good postcard for the guests of Roma ))
Best wishes from cold Ural!
rigoletto (34279) 2014-01-27 15:55
hi manu. this is definitely one of the best foro traiano photos i've ever seen. taken from foro romano, you were far enough to capture it as a whole, and the light was indeed fantastic. i also like how you gave more life to the colors, now the whole scene looks fabulous.
macjake (71791) 2014-01-28 1:35
wow, this one really caught my attention!
super sharp, super details.
it looks like an hdr type of photo.
too bad its being ruined today by all the traffic and busy nature around it.
I'm very impressed with the overall quality, light, and exposure. well done my friend
- Copyright: Manuel Mayorga (ManuMay) (36287)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2012-08-26
- Categories: Daily Life, Architecture
- Camera: Canon Ixus 95 IS
- Exposure: f/8, 1/160 seconds
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Your favorites!! [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2014-01-21 10:22
- Favorites: 2 [view]