In Glass sphere - La Défense district, Paris
This sculpture is standing on the place de la defense in Paris. In the background, you can see the Grande Arche.
La Défense is the prime high-rise office district of Paris. Many of Paris's tallest buildings can be found here.
The Triumphal Way
At the end of the first World War, plans were made to develop the axis from the Arc de Triomphe at the Etoile to La Défense, an area at the edge of the center of Paris.
Numerous plans were submitted for the Voie Triumphale or Triumphal Way as it was known, most of them with endless rows of impressive skyscrapers in mostly Modernist style. Many of the plans which were submitted in 1930 came from renowned architects like Le Corbusier and Auguste Perret. None of these plans were realized, mainly due to the Great Depression in the 1930s.
In 1931 though, the authorities organized a new competition, but the intent was to limit the height of the buildings along the Triumphal Way. Only at the end of the long avenue, at the Défense, were towers allowed. This was recommended by the authorities as towers close to the center would obstruct the view on the Etoile.
Most of the 35 (French) entries in the competition were either classical or modernist style, but again none of the plans were actually realized due to lack of funding. The main focus now moved from the Triumphal way to the Défense area, or La Défense. The name défense originates from the monument 'La Défense de Paris', which was erected at this site in 1883 to commemorate the war of 1870.
A Forest of Towers
In 1951, the Défense site was chosen as an office center. In 1958, development of the area was started by a special agency, the Etablissement Public d'Aménagement de la Défense.
The first plan had 2 rows of skyscrapers of equal height. In 1964, a plan was approved to have 20 office towers of 25 stories each. Little of the development on the Défence was actually built according to this plan, as most companies started to press for taller office towers.
The result is a mix of mostly cheap towers of different heights. The tallest of them, the GAN tower, measured 179 meters (589 ft). The height of several towers, and in particular the GAN tower caused a public outcry as the 'forest of towers' disturbs the view on the Arc de Triomphe as seen from the Etoile. Partly in response to this criticism a new monument was built at the entrance of the Défense as a counterweight for the Arc de Triomphe: The Tête Défense , also known as the Grande Arche de la Défense.
Grande Arche de la Défense
The project to build the 'Grande Arche' (Great Arch) was initiated by the French president Mitterrand. He wanted a XXth century version of the Arc de Triomphe. The design of Danish architect Otto van Spreckelsen looks more like a cube-shaped building than a triumphal arch.
It is a 106 meters (348 ft) white building with the middle part left open. The sides of the cube contain offices. You can take an elevator to the top of the Arche de la Défense, from where you have a nice view on the city center which is only 4 km further.(Source: aviewoncities)
Critiques | Translate
lousat (87134) 2012-07-11 1:59
Hi George,absolutely beautiful !! I been there 22 years ago and many things are changed as i can see in La Defense.The pic is magnificent,great surrounding capture and spectacular details and colors,high brightness too as i like.Have a nice day and thanks,Luciano
lakshmip1949 (19081) 2012-07-11 2:56
A nice image of this glass sphere showing everything distorted. Looks like a beautiful district with many architectural buildings. Lovely colors .
ourania (41234) 2012-07-11 3:31
a marvellous way to capture a round view of the place and play with the many themes and forms included. The world reflected on the sphere is fascinating, looks familiar but is brilliantly re-adjusted. Depth is superb and perspective seems to be alive. I love the management of the warm light, the lovely colours and fine contrasts. Clarity is great and it's nice to see you too as a hero in this scene. Congratulations and thank you!
All the best, have a good day,
JFS (32459) 2012-07-11 3:41
I have never seen La Défense like this before, and I love it!! So créative and new!The colors look vivid and bright. A good one my friend!
timecapturer (49288) 2012-07-11 5:31
a conceptual and well observed image. Intriguing shapes and fascinating distortions make this so compelling and spellbinding. Wonderful!
Regards - Brian.
npecanhuk (73492) 2012-07-11 5:41
That's you over there... good!
I loved the idea and the visual results are very interesting and attractive!
TFS - congrats,
Sonata11 (33737) 2012-07-11 7:29
amazingly beautiful reflection. Wonderful composition of modern architecture with fabulous colors, sharpness, perfect clarity, I like POV and DOF as well. Also, I like reflection of yourself at work! Thanks for sharing.
chrisvek (7001) 2012-07-11 8:43
Very clever look from an amazing POV with perfect details and great city atmosphere.Very nice result.Well done.
Have a nice day
jemaflor (93239) 2012-07-11 11:18
Excellent, well seen thes ereflection and your portrait, perfect mirror with impressive distorsions, good result.
Bluejeans (64251) 2012-07-11 11:23
Ola George ,
Belo efeito olho de peixe neste enorme esfera de vidro , gostei dos reflexos da La Défense de fundo , bonitos tons de azul, parabéns!!
Um abraço Gonçalo
bukitgolfb301 (39640) 2012-07-11 16:37
Hi dear George
I like fish-eye lens appraoch very much, very frequently use that. This unusual distortion is so attractive, this shot is best example for uasage of this unique lens. Reflection adds the tasteful image. Sharp and clear image as usual. Thanks for your good work and have a good day!
Takero from again rainy Tokyo
ifege (10367) 2012-07-11 17:22
Hi George - my brother was in Paris recently and sent me a photo using the same dome! I do like your version - great distortion of buildings and people, including your good self.
ChrisJ (109532) 2012-07-11 19:53
A superb fisheye effect with the extreme wide angled lens with marvellous bg reflections of the Parisian skyline. Good color, density, saturation & sharpness. A nice abstract self portrait, too! Tfs!
jjcordier (79295) 2012-07-11 22:03
Jolie exploitation de la "pomme" de La Défense et bonne occasion de faire un autoportrait "in situ". Belle réalisation.
mohammad_H (9830) 2012-07-12 0:50
معذرت بابت تاخیر
شاهکار و بینظیر
نمای زیبا.تصویر با رنگهای قشنگ
بک گراند با طرح انعکاس زیبا
وضوح بسیار خوب
روز خوبی داشته باشید
Sorry for the delay
And unique masterpiece
Beautiful view. Image with beautiful colors
Beautiful background with reflections
Very good resolution
Have a nice day
jlbrthnn (76037) 2012-07-12 1:20
The panorama of La Défense is almost complete. It's a good idea, and it is a spectacular photo. The quality is excellent. Bravo.
Have a nice day
dkmurphys (55867) 2012-07-12 1:36
Artistic abstract effect of the sphere. Nice interesting shot, well taken.
Enjoy the day.
abmdsudi (50496) 2012-07-12 10:49
Great creative work and presentation, something different to open our eyes. It's marvelous subject for the fish eye effect that works a treat and this image is a good proof that our world is spherical! And also it saves anyone moaning about your horizon not being straight too and this a great fun and bright image. Splendid
mauro61 (52855) 2012-07-12 13:00
il posto si presta a questo genere di scatti nei quali conta molto la bravura del fotografo.
Immagine dai colori vivi che mi piace molto,
siamesa (28115) 2012-07-12 15:56
Boa noite George
Fantastic effect in this photo. The colors are marvelous. Very creative idea. Congrats and TFS.
Didi (60358) 2012-07-13 9:57
Interesting diagonal between you and the strategic point of the girl :)
Cricri (115557) 2012-07-13 10:42
Belle originalité donner par l'effet de réflexions dans le verre, les déformation donne un coté surnaturel, sublime lumière et couleurs, excellent
cornejo (39351) 2012-07-18 4:14
György Hello, very good and interesting picture of this funny picture distorted, very good, interesting and nice work, congratulations my friend. Tfs.
Good afternoon and happy week.
Best regards and best wishes.
adores (43869) 2012-07-20 17:05
Seems you found a nice and different way to show this place:)! The reflection is very good and with great colours. Even better with the presence of those people and yourself:)! Well done!
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2008-08-23
- Categories: Daily Life, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Pentax K10D
- Exposure: f/8, 1/180 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): La Défense district in Paris [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2012-07-11 1:53