Cathedral square - Cathedral of St Peter and Paul (Székesegyház - Szent Péter és Pál), Pécs
The Catherdal is among the most important historical heritage of the town. Built in the 11th-12th century incorporating parts of an earlier 4th-5th-century church, the cathedral's current neo-Romanesque look dates from the late 19th century.
The time when the Italian and French masters created its statues was a golden age in the life of the Catherdal. The 11th-century figural column heads indicate the work of experienced artists. A similar quality can be found at King St Stephen's buildings in Buda and Esztergom.
The current form of the Catherdal was achieved in 1891 with the cooperation of several eminent artists. The frescoes of the main and side naves were painted by the German Moritz von Beckerath and Karl Andrea and those of the chapel by Bertalan Székely and Károly Lotz. The figural wooden carvings are the works of György Zala and György Kiss.
The red marble tabernacle situated in the Corpus Christi chapel was finished in early 16th century. Thought to have been created in Esztergom by Johannes Fiorentinus, it is a supremely valuable example of Hungarian Renaissance sculptural art. Thanks to the carefully carried out alterations, the carved stone artefacts were preserved. The statues of apostles on the main facade are the works of Baranya-born György Kiss.
Stones - and refurbishments
The surviving carved stone details demonstrate that in the 12th century a stone carving workshop of European significance operated here, whose work was commissioned throughout the country. This stone-carving workshop in Pécs developed a unique style over that century and the most beautiful examples were created in the 13th century. One of the most well-known and attractive carved stone works is the former high altar made in 1241.
The reliefs seen today on the walls of the southern passage leading down to the crypt (Creation, Expulsion from Paradise, Images from Paradise, Samson 'uprooting' the tree scene, figures of the shepherds and the three wise men) are copies created by György Zala in the late 19th century. The original reliefs, together with the rich carved stone material, were moved to the cathedral lapidary.
During Turkish rule the capitals of the stone carvings were smashed. However, the grape branch and bird ornamentations in a locally adapted early Christian style were left intact. The church itself was used as a warehouse by the Turkish.
After the Turkish left the passages to the crypt were sealed and stairs were built to the elevated sanctuary from two sides thus unifying the whole interior space of the cathedral. The ruined vaults of the southern Corpus Christi chapel and of the Mary chapel were reconstructed. This was the time when the choir stalls between the western columns were built. In 1786 Stephan Dorffmeister painted the Corpus Christi chapel, and in 1793 the doors of the sacristy and the chapels were ornamented with marble frames. The baptismal well created by Pécs goldsmith Simon Aichinger was placed there in 1795.
In the early 19th century the cathedral was in a very poor state of repair. The tender for its restoration was won by Mihály Pollack who, in this great period of Classicism, produced a neo-Gothic, Egypt-style design for the main facade. This was only a coulisse, since it had to cover the incoherent supporting structures of previous complex constructive solutions. Building of the Mór Chapel and style modifications of the four towers were carried out during this restoration. At the same time Mihály Bartalits created the huge statues of the apostles which were subsequently moved onto the balustrade of the Episcopal Seminary's garden (Papnövelde Street No 1-3). (Source: vendégváró)
Critiques | Translate
jlbrthnn (79791) 2011-05-23 2:08
The perspective is pleasant to see. Bell towers are noticeable in the photo a lot. The clear and deep photo is exposed well, and naturally colored. Bravo.
Have a nice day
macondo (18595) 2011-05-23 2:10
This is a magnificent architecture photo with a great feeling of space, perhaps thanks to the very small number of people in the square - I like the well timed capture of the photo session between the two friends! Superb colour and clarity, and a nice viewpoint which gives us a pleasing intersection of the two buildings. I'm sure this town is a 'must' to visit in Hungary.
dkmurphys (48078) 2011-05-23 2:16
Fine square shot, love the pavement and the buildings. Good composition, nice work.
snunney (81693) 2011-05-23 2:57
I like the angle of view here looking across toward the corner of the square with the obelisk making an interesting frame. The detail in the architecture is very well rendered with good colours and sharpness. Pécs looks a delightful place to visit and spend a few hours just strolling around.
lakshmip1949 (19081) 2011-05-23 3:06
Excellent photo with great depth. Looks like a quiet place only with few people. The people also gives us the size of the buildings. The two towers are shown very nicely. Great colors andclarity.
dta (64874) 2011-05-23 3:16
Hello George ,
A splendid cathedral , indeed . The building in the right is superb , too . And you present they to us very well . Like the angle of view and the beautiful cloudy sky .
Loic_bzh (7646) 2011-05-23 3:26
very nice cathdral perfectly shot. The red building really brings something more...
JFS (32459) 2011-05-23 4:11
Imponent POV of this magnificent architecture. The note is really interesting too.
lilito (3470) 2011-05-23 4:24
Belle presentation de cette place, les gens donnent la touche vivante, et le ciel bleu la touche de l'éclat d'une belle journée. ;D
francio64 (38276) 2011-05-23 4:32
ottimo taglio e bel formato quadrato per questa bella immagine di architettura.
Luce ben gestita e colori naturali.
Sergiom (57673) 2011-05-23 5:14
Un bien beau point de vue sur la cathédrale. La légčre contre plongée donne une belle ampleur ŕ l'édifice. La place est belle et la lumičre excellente.
timecapturer (47354) 2011-05-23 6:32
A superb composition with a wonderful POV. Excellent clarity and light management, all the detail is so outstanding as is the colours. It looks such a magnificent building, your shot does it full justice. Well done!
Regards - Brian
John_F_Kennedy (42062) 2011-05-23 7:06
Fascinating structure here on the church facade. Good sharpness and details. Great shot.
mauro61 (52623) 2011-05-23 10:11
ottima serie di architetture dai vari colori su questa bella piazza.
La luce e ben gestita e l'ampia inquadratura fa godere al meglio della scena,
jemaflor (82888) 2011-05-23 11:16
Beautiful place and architecture, well taken from an interesting angle, perfect light and colors, well made , tfs.
Schnappilic (9690) 2011-05-23 11:23
This capture is very plaseant with beautiful cathedral well expose, perfect light and sky, natural colours. Fine work!
All the best,
jjcordier (75086) 2011-05-23 13:24
Cette ville ne manque vraiment pas de ressources architecturales! Encore une superbe photo de Pécs.
vasilpro (40917) 2011-05-23 15:00
Beautiful Cathedral with interesting architecture, excellent POV and perspective, great sky and atmosphere, lovely light and colors, TFS!
Have a nice evening, Vasilis.
npecanhuk (63470) 2011-05-23 18:18
Very attractive urban & architecture picture!
Sharpness, exposure, chosen pov, colors, vertical format, black & white borders, contrasts and composition are all outstanding features here!
TFS - congrats,
asajernigan (21066) 2011-05-23 19:15
You chose a great POV for the shot using the open courtyard to create a sense of space for the shot. The angle of the shot works well giving the photo a nice sense of direction. The lighting and colors are fine and the photo has excellent sharpness.
AiresSantos (56155) 2011-05-23 22:28
Another great picture of this Square in Pecs
Fine perspective of the cathedral
Very well handled the light
Have a nice day my friend
carlosmarin (11954) 2011-05-24 4:58
Beautiful view of the Cathedral Square of Pecs.
Good POV from below the side of the cathedral with beautiful colors and sharpness.
siamesa (27737) 2011-05-24 10:35
Boa tarde George
Beautiful church. I like, mainly, the towers. Perfect point of view. That house in front has a beautiful architecture.
Cricri (104293) 2011-05-24 10:57
Bel angle de prise qui inclus la cathédrale et le batiment, deux architecture trčs belles, belle lumičre et couleurs, trčs belle réalisation
pablominto (53744) 2011-05-25 2:14
The large, cobblestone open square leads nicely up to the cathedral, with nothing to interrupt the architectural details...
A high quality image, pin sharp details and the colours are naturally reproduced!
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2011-04-16
- Categories: Daily Life, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Pentax K10D
- Exposure: f/8, 1/750 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Discovery of Pécs [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2011-05-23 2:00