view of Hagia Sophia II
Hagia Sophia is one of the greatest surviving examples of Byzantine architecture. Of great artistic value was its decorated interior with mosaics and marble pillars and coverings. The temple itself was so richly and artistically decorated that Justinian proclaimed, "Solomon, I have outdone thee!" (Νενίκηκά σε Σολομών). Justinian himself had overseen the completion of the greatest cathedral ever built up to that time, and it was to remain the largest cathedral for 1,000 years up until the completion of the cathedral in Seville in Spain.
Justinian's basilica was at once the culminating architectural achievement of late antiquity and the first masterpiece of Byzantine architecture. Its influence, both architecturally and liturgically, was widespread and enduring in the Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Muslim worlds alike. The largest columns are of granite, about 19 or 20 metres high and at least 1.5 metres in diameter; the largest weigh well over 70 tons apiece. Under Justinian's orders, eight Corinthian columns were disassembled from Baalbek, Lebanon and shipped to Constantinople for the construction of Hagia Sophia.
The vast interior has a complex structure. The nave is covered by a central dome which has a maximum diameter of 31.24 metres (102 ft 6 in) and a height from floor level of 55.6 metres (182 ft 5 in), about one fourth smaller and greater, respectively, than the dome of the Pantheon. The dome seems rendered weightless by the unbroken arcade of 40 arched windows under it, which help flood the colourful interior with light. Due to consecutive repairs in the course of its history, the dome has lost its perfect circular base and has become somewhat elliptical with a diameter varying between 31.24 m (102 ft 6 in) and 30.86 m (101 ft 3 in).
The dome is carried on pendentives — four concave triangular sections of masonry which solve the problem of setting the circular base of a dome on a rectangular base. At Hagia Sophia the weight of the dome passes through the pendentives to four massive piers at the corners. Between them the dome seems to float upon four great arches. These were reinforced with buttresses during Ottoman times, under the guidance of the architect Mimar Sinan.
At the western (entrance) and eastern (liturgical) ends, the arched openings are extended by half domes carried on smaller semi-domed exedras. Thus a hierarchy of dome-headed elements builds up to create a vast oblong interior crowned by the main dome, a sequence unexampled in antiquity. Despite all these measures, the weight of the dome remained a problem, which was solved by adding buttresses from the outside.
All interior surfaces are sheathed with polychrome marbles, green and white with purple porphyry and gold mosaics, encrusted upon the brick. This sheathing camouflaged the large pillars, giving them, at the same time, a brighter aspect.
On the exterior, simple stuccoed walls reveal the clarity of massed vaults and domes. The yellow and red colour of the exterior was added by the architect Fossati during the restorations in the 19th century.
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lousat (76808) 2010-04-27 10:44
Ciao Costantino,questa e' senza dubbio una delle piu' belle foto della tua galleria,ottima scelta del punto di scatto e grandi colori!! Buona serata,Luciano
ciakgiak (30411) 2010-04-27 10:54
grande POV, l'effetto cromatico che ne è venuto fuori è davvero bello.
Originale la trama creata dagli spruzzi d'acqua e la ringhiera verde in FG.
Un caro abbraccio.
mesutilgim (84272) 2010-04-27 10:57
Hello dear Costantino,
Sorry that I could not meet you, as I had to leave the city due to an unexpected meeting for 5 days. Now back I see this wonderfull nocturnal capture of this giant monument of my beloved city.
Now eagerly waiting for many others to come.
Perfect entry, enriched with great notes as well.
TFS and best regards
TopGeo (38202) 2010-04-27 11:19
Γειά σου Κώστα!
Μια σημείωση και μία θεαματική εικόνα της Αγιας Σοφιάς
που εντυπωσιάζει! Το ότι χρησιμοποίησες υψηλό iso λόγω έλληψη τρίποδου ορατό!Σου έφυγε η μπλέ ώρα? Αλλά η δυναμική της νύχτας σε βοήθησε!Καλά τα κατάφερες και εκδρομή και photo!
Jeppo (17645) 2010-04-27 11:38
wonderful light management to share with us the magic of Hagia Sophia by night...
PixelTerror (0) 2010-04-27 12:46
I like this funny idea of the waterfall refreshing the burning mosque ;-) Well seen and framed !
Have a nice day JY
vasilpro (40933) 2010-04-27 12:49
Για σου Κωνσταντίνε,
Πολύ όμορφη η σύνθεσή σου, η Αγιά Σοφιά με όμορφες χρωματικές ανταύγειες να πλαισιώνεται από τον ατελείωτο χορό του σιντριβανιού, πολύ καλός φωτισμός και πολύ καλή η γωνιά λήψης.
Καλό βράδυ, Βασίλης.
sabermonajati (9537) 2010-04-27 12:58
diffrent view fraom mosque .skilful frame you shot.
ymrk (14955) 2010-04-27 13:40
Unfortunately i wasn't know the your little trip to our Country!Did you turn back?If not,i want to meet with you,may be in Ankara :))
Anyway,good photoangle and well LT balance on the photo!All the best,Ta leme!
papagolf21 (86114) 2010-04-27 13:44
Bonsoir, cher Costantino,
Quel spectacle merveilleux proposé à travers cette composition.
Il ne manque plus que le son, car les lumières, les couleurs, tout est là pour nous séduire.
Une photographie très réussie.
francio64 (38276) 2010-04-27 15:55
grafismo e colore, sono i punti forti di questa foto.
Ottima la dinamicità ottenuta dagli spruzzi d'acqua.
Docarmo (9639) 2010-04-27 19:47
I like the play of colours here, in contrast with the black sky and frame - a remarkable style.
josepmarin (57789) 2010-04-28 0:24
Excellent night capture, with a great aesthetic result, due to a good framing and a good technical execution.
I like the effect created by the water jets of the fountain, that with its lighting purple they seem to embrace the magnificent architectural set of Hagia Sophia, also beautifully illuminated.
The composition is very elegant and attracts our look rapidly.
A nice work, my friend.
jurek1951 (42156) 2010-04-28 2:37
Excellent contrast and presentation,
good colors and sharpness.Marvellous lighting and reflex on water.
yedirenk (11244) 2010-04-28 2:58
A great night shot with fantastic light and colours..also with an eye catcher historical atmosphere in background..superb presentation.TFS
paura (47166) 2010-04-28 5:43
O efeito visual ficou absolutamente interessante aqui, amigo. Ajustes tecnicos da exposição estão excelentes.
Cretense (68689) 2010-04-28 5:48
Geia sou Costantino!
Efxomai na perases kala stin mageftiki Poli! Katapliktiki kai poly prototypi lipsi tis Agia Sofias, yperoxo kadrarisma me to syntrivani, poli kali synthesi, apsogos fotismos!
trekks (14348) 2010-04-28 8:27
this is Sultan Ahmed Camii, Blue Mosque, yes?
danos (86623) 2010-04-28 11:24
εντυπωσιακό το σκηνικό που μέσα από τους πολύχρωμους πίδακες του συντριβανιού αυτού, βλέπομε φωταγωγημένη την Αγιά Σοφιά.Ωραία σύνθεση που κάνει την φωτογραφία ειδυλλιακή.
vinicio (23415) 2010-04-28 13:16
Bella composizione e foto, una veduta ben pensata e realizzata, complimenti Costantino.
paololg (31448) 2010-04-28 14:30
Ciao caro Costantino,
alla bellezza architettonica di questo edificio tu hai aggiunto la bellezza e la suggestione di questi colori e giochi d'acqua che creano un piacevole effetto grafico. Lo sfondo nero della notte contribuisce ad aumentare il piacere di ammirare questa bella composizione. Molto interessanti le note. Bravissimo!
Ciao, buon giovedì!
PaulVDV (22085) 2010-04-28 14:47
You've found a very good POV behind this fountain to shoot the Hagia Sophia and you've been very careful to show the dome and the several minarets between the splashing water.
The bright colours of the building and of the water are splendid in the dark night.
Best regards, Paul
polpo56 (15134) 2010-04-29 13:42
molto bello questo notturno con i getti della fontana illuminati e ricchi di colore.
diomed (13926) 2010-04-29 14:56
magnifica foto notturna in cui c'è una ottima gestione delle luci. Bellissimi i getti d'acqua che creano un grande gioco grafico con sullo sfondo le agili forme della Basilica di S. Sofia.
mursaloglu (8614) 2010-04-30 2:50
caro costantino ero fuori casa per 4 giorni per questo vedo ora le tue bellissime foto su istanbul. Veramente hai catturato un immagine stupendo con bellisimi colori e una prospettiva molto originale. Bravo ihsan
npecanhuk (65408) 2010-04-30 12:00
Very attractive picture specially for its well chosen pov, wonderful composition and beautiful lights and colors!
TFS - congratulations!
mikolaj_kawa (0) 2010-05-09 0:19
Hello Constantino. Wonderful theme. amazing architecture. Fine fountain. Excellent light and colours, light and shadow. Good exposure. Good capture and frame. Well done!