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Photographer's Note

October 11th, 2008
Saint-Maixent-l'Ecole 790270 79400
Deux-Sèvres Poitou-Charentes
46.412 -0.203 60 m

The Chalon gate.

One sight.
Other sight.

The Chalon gate built at the 18th century by the Count de Blossac, Marquis of Bourdonnaie, Intendant of Poitou, is the emblematic monument of the town of Saint-Maixent-l'École.
It replaced the old principal and historical gate of the city.
It draws its name from an old family Saint-Maixentaise, the Chalon, at the origins going back to the 12th century.

The origin of the town of Saint-Maixent goes back to 459, when monk AGAPIT raises an oratory around whose a small named urban area SAINT-SATURNIN is built. In 480, ADJUTOR, an young man from a noble family, born in Agde en Gaule Narbonnese, currently in Hérault, joined AGAPIT, it takes the name of MAIXENT and directs a religious community into 500. He dies on June 26th, 515, venerated like a saint. Built after its death, l'ABBAYE became prosperous and influential thanks to the gifts of the Merovingian kings, at 6th and 7th centuries. The town of Saint-Maixent-l'École.

The city was devastated by the Vikings between 848 and 866.
An earthquake shook it in 1059, fires destroyed it in 1075,1082,1085 and 1116.
In 1204, Philippe II, Philippe Auguste, links the abbey with the kingdom of France, a castle was built in 1223 by his son Louis VIII.
Under English domination during the Hundred Years' War , the city was taken again by the constable of the king Charles V, Bertrand du Guesclin, 1320-1380, on September 4th, 1372.
It suffers also the damage of the wars of religion of 1562 to 1568.

Pierre Marie Philippe Aristide Denfert-Rochereau, born in Saint-Maixent-l'École, on January 11th, 1823 and died in Versailles, on May 11th, 1878, is a colonel remained famous to have directed the resistance of the fortified town of Belfort during 103 days before going on order of his government, during the Franco-German war of 1870. Called the Lion of Belfort, statues of lion were set up in its honor, of which the lion of Belfort of Frederic Bartholdi. Its skin rests near his wife, in the cemetery of Montbeliard.

After having been since 1880 the seat of the School of the officers of infantry, the city is since 1963 the seat of the École Nationale des Sous-Officiers d'Active of the French Army.

Saint-Maixent-l'École is a French commune located in the department of Deux-Sèvres of the Poitou-Charentes area, populated of 6 602 Saint-Maixentais en 1999, distributed on 5 km², that is to say 1 270 hab./km².

A very dear city for me.

François de Moncorbier known as VILLON, born in 1431 or 1432 in Paris, author and the French poet most known of the end of the Middle Ages, finish his days in Saint-Maixent in 1489. It was like Rabelais, the host of the abbey.

My images of Saint-Maixent-l'École

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Additional Photos by joel berthonneau (jlbrthnn) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 7303 W: 0 N: 22961] (76039)
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