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ABOUT THE TITLE
Why a country located in the western hemisphere, República Oriental del Uruguay, calls itself an oriental republic? Well, literally, the name may be translated as the republic east of the Uruguay River. The word orient derives from Latin oriens, meaning east.

East/west concept seems so simple yet so much depends on the point of view. My home country, Poland, is quite often referred to as an Eastern European country. Yet if you look at its geographic location you may notice that it is located just in the very center of Europe. The reason for this confusion is purely political. It comes from the past when Europe was divided by the Berlin Wall into two political worlds.

ABOUT THE CITY
Montevideo is the largest city, the capital, and the chief port of Uruguay. The settlement was established in 1726 by Bruno Mauricio de Zabala, as a strategic move amidst a Spanish-Portuguese dispute over the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, and as a counter to the Portuguese colony at Colonia del Sacramento.
Montevideo has a population of 1,325,968 (about half of Uruguay's population).


ABOUT THE BUILDING
Palacio Salvo is a building located at the intersection of 18 de Julio Avenue and Plaza Independencia. It was designed by the architect Mario Palanti, an Italian immigrant living in Buenos Aires, who used a similar design for his Palacio Barolo in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Finished in 1925, Palacio Salvo stands 100 metres high with the antenna included. It was built on the site where the Confiteria La Giralda was once located, a place renowned for being where Gerardo Matos Rodríguez wrote his tango La Cumparsita, in 1917. The building was originally intended to function as a hotel, possibly mixed with some private residential units. This did not work out, and it never functioned as a hotel. There is now a mixture of offices and private residences in the building.

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Additional Photos by Mariusz Kamionka (mkamionka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2826 W: 95 N: 6940] (29153)
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