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Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Penha, in a view from Guanabara Bay. This church is well known for its multitudes of worshippers from virtually all over Brazil and its prime vantage point on a high rocky bluff, making it visible from miles around.

Built in 1635 as a tiny, rustic church by Portuguese sea captain Baltazar de Abreu Cardoso on land of his own. In 1728 the original fraternity became the Venerável Irmandade de N.S da Penha de França (Venerable Brotherhood of Our Lady of the Bluff of France).

Work was done to expand it, especially on the stairway, to make it safer to the pilgrims climbing up this huge stone bluff. It is now object of legend and pilgrimage, with its famous 365 steps cut out of the bare rock. Some penitents climb the steps on their knees.

From Riotur, at:
http://www.rio.rj.gov.br/riotur/en/atracao/?CodAtr=3905

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Additional Photos by Paulo Carvalho (paura) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 7886 W: 56 N: 6622] (47166)
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