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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro was discovered on January 1, 1502, by European explorers who mistook the huge Guanabara Bay for the mouth of a river (rio) and called the site “River of January,” giving the city its name. The city’s colonial past is evident in downtown Rio, with buildings dating from the 16th to the 19th centuries including the imposing Paco (mansion) Imperial and the Palacio Tiradentes.

In 1763, the city became the capital of Brazil’s Vice-Royalty and in 1808, the Portuguese royal family and court abandoned Lisbon and moved to Rio making it the capital of both Brazil and the Portuguese Empire. It remained the home of the Brazilian monarchy until 1889 when Brasilia was named capital.

Today Rio is a spectacular international tropical resort. Its setting is unique with dramatic mountains and beaches setting it apart from other great cities of the world. It has several iconic sights including the enormous statue of Christ looking protectively over the city form the top of Corcovado Mountain. Sugarloaf Mountain is easily recognizable at one end of Urca Bay. The famous stadium, Estadio, Maracana, opened for the 1950 World Cup and has hosted crowds up to 200,000 people. In addition Rio’s flamboyant Carnaval (occurring immediately before Lent each year), the samba, and bossa nova along with the delicious foods including the beef and seafood barbecue make an incredible mix of beauty and enjoyment.


Thanks to Maria Ramalho (Lay) for this additional information:

"322 years later after Rio was discovered, "Don Pedro IV of Portugal", son of the King "Don João VI", King of Potugal, proclaimed Brasil independent, when His father was already in Lisbon, in the year 1822.
Since then Don Pedro IV of Portugal became "Don Pedro I, Imperor of Brasil", of which independence was recognized by His father, Don João VI, King of Portugal in 13-1-1825 thee years later."

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Additional Photos by Betty Jones (BWJ) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 487 W: 0 N: 913] (3060)
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