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Photo taken during the second day of 18th Texas Championship Pow Wow in Houston, Texas. The following article is published here by MariJo Moore’s permission.




Why we dance?



To dance is to pray, to pray is to heal, to heal is to give, to give is to live, to live is to dance.


These lines express my belief that the dances of American Indians are beautiful metaphors for celebrating life to the fullest. I dedicated this short poem to a friend, Reggie Brewer (Lumbee/Tuscarora), who has been a traditional dancer on the powwow circuit for over 10 years.

Reggie dances for the old people, showing them respect and honor by keeping the breath of Native ways alive. When I asked if he prays when he dances, Reggie answered, "Yes, because sometimes the other way of praying just doesn't seem to work."

Music and dance are representatives of the full range of life for American Indians. They are integral fuels that have always fed the fires of honor and traditions.

Dances for victory were often held by each team before stickball matches, and always in preparation for war.

Many of the Southeastern American Indian dances, such as the Quail Dance and the Guinea Dance, were named after animals in the belief that the movements affect the animals and their relations with humans.

Rituals, such as the Cherokee Green Corn Ceremony held each year to signify rebirth, forgiveness, and new beginnings, includes interludes of dancing. The Ribbon Dance is an annual ceremony that praises and reaffirms the role of women in the Creek (Muskogee) tribe.

American Indian dance is not a form of mindless amusement. It is a form of praise, worship, and a way to experience interconnectedness through motion. Dancing is an art that was here before the conception of art ever existed. It is a necessity for Indian people. A necessary spiritual action requiring dedication and a devout sense of reverence.

When American Indians dance, whether it be at powwows or other gatherings, all senses become heightened as cultural chants, drummings and songs fill the air. These haunting, mystical sounds transport the imagination to other times and places.

The drum — its round form representing the shape of the sacred universe — emits strong, steady heartbeats that bring entrancement through repetition. This enables the dancers to put to rest the distractions of worries and cares of everyday life so that they may become one with all.

(By MariJo Moore)

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