Formerly known as the Old Executive Office Building and the State, War and Navy Building, this magnificent structure narrowly escaped demolition. It was reportedly saved by Jackie Kennedy, who was responsible for saving several structures in the capital. It's located just west of the White House, so I saw it on my recent tour of DC. It's now occupied by the Executive Office of the President, including the Office of the Vice President. It was built between 1871 and 1888 and is now a US National Historic Landmark. It's in the so-called French Second Empire style, designed by Alfred B. Mullett. Not everyone was impressed, however. Reportedly Mark Twain once remarked that it was the ugliest building in America, and Harry Truman called it the greatest monstrosity in America. Clinton approved the name change in 1999. The interior was designed by Richard von Ezdorf, who used cast-iron elements and skylights above the major stairwells. Its prior inhabitants were often historic as well: Theodore and Franklin D. Roosevelt, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Lyndon Johnson, Gerald Ford and George H.W. Bush all had offices here prior to their presidencies.
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