This was probably the best shot of my short D.C. stay. I wonder if the person reflected in the stone was a Vietnam vet, like my dad, who has visited this wall many times. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is one of the most popular and well-known in the city. It has been a lightning rod for controversy over the course of its existence, however. Completed in 1982, it is adjacent to the National Mall, and now receives 3 million visitors a year. It was designed by Maya Lin, who famously was awarded the commission determined by a design contest. She was a 21-year-old architecture student at Yale at the time. One of the backers reportedly stated that he had never "imagined such a nihilistic slab of stone," described as such due to its color and admittedly unorthodox design. This criticism faded fairly quickly following its construction, however, perhaps reflective of practical reality. The typesetting of the names, originally 58,195, was done by a company in Atlanta. The wall is comprised of two sections, measuring 246 feet; the whole serves as something of a giant retaining wall, meant to represent a scar carved into the earth. The stone originated in Bangalore, India, specifically chosen because of its highly reflective quality. The stone fabrication took place in Vermont, and the names were carved at a factory in Memphis, TN. As you can see from the photo, the highly reflective surface serves as a mirror; you can see the names, and yourself.
The names are arranged not alphabetically, but chronologically, starting at the apex of panel 1E. The first casualty was recorded in 1959, but it was later determined that the first Americans killed in Vietnam were military advisers killed by artillery fire in 1957. There are now 58,262 names, with about 1,200 listed as MIA. Many have criticized the monument as not "heroic" enough, as it has a rather negative connotation, often described as representing a wound not yet healed. As a compromise, Frederick Hart, who placed third in the competition, created The Three Soldiers, a bronze sculpture of three servicemen, unveiled in 1984, which depicts soldiers gazing toward the wall and the names of the fallen. I often wonder how many true casualties there were; 58,000 seems a small number in some ways, considering how many soldiers were affected by their experiences there. Many, of course, were killed in Vietnam, but died in the US from a number of causes, including cancer from exposure to Agent Orange and other toxic compounds. There is now a plaque honoring those veterans, whose injuries fall outside DOD guidelines. It was dedicated only in 2004. Interestingly, I was surprised to see something similar at a Vietnam memorial... in Vietnam. On our visit there in 2001, we stopped at one on the way to Tay Ninh, whose exact location escapes me, where the names of Vietnamese soldiers (I think) were inscribed on a monument startlingly similar to this one.
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Giustiniani (3376) 2014-04-18 3:01
une magnifique photo avec un texte hautement intéressant parce qu'il est instructif mais surtout par les multiples sujets de réflexion qu'il inspire. La guerre est surement la chose la plus absurde que la folie l'homme ait généré.