Drake Well Museum is the birthplace of the modern petroleum industry, according to its literature. It is located in Oil Creek State Park near Titusville, PA. The museum includes indoor and outdoor exhibits and houses a library of over 2,500 titles, over 1,000 cubic feet (28 m3) of manuscript material and a photographic collection with over 10,800 images.
One of the outdoor exhibits is the Central Power Lease, which was used to pump several wells at the same time with one engine. It is the answer to the question, "How do you transmit power from one central unit to remote wells?" Today, the answer would be high voltage power transmission lines. Not so back in 1859... This replica facility demonstrates how it was done: A 20 horsepower (15 kW), Olin hit-and-miss engine turns an eccentric gear connected to many rod lines. The rod lines could be routed over or under roads to reach the wells. They move back and forth, transmitting power mechanically. A "barker" on the engine exhaust pipe gives it a distinctive sound that would allow the operators of the engine to tell it was still running, from a distance. Powered by natural gas, the engine is in operation daily from May to October.
Enerji Nakil Hatları
Drake Kuyusu Müzesi, literatürüne göre, modern petrol endüstrisinin doğduğu yerdir. Titusville, Pensilvanya yakınlarında Petrol Çayı Devlet Parkı içinde bulunmaktadır. Müze açık ve kapalı sergileri içerir ve 2500 başlığa, 1000 kübik ayaktan fazla (28 m3) el yazması malzemeye ve 10800ün üzerinde görüntülü bir fotoğraf koleksiyonuna sahip bir kütüphaneyi barındırır.
Açık hava sergilerinden biri, tek motor ile aynı anda birden fazla kuyuyu pompalamak için kullanılan Merkez Güç Dağıtımıdır. Bu, "Uzak kuyulara tek bir merkezi üniteden güç nasıl iletilir?", sorusunu yanıtlar. Bugün cevap yüksek gerilim enerji nakil hatları olacaktır. Ama 1859 yılında öyle değil... Bu reprodüksiyon tesis nasıl yapıldığını gösterir: Bir 20 beygir güçlü (15 kW), Olin vur-ıskala motoru birçok çubuk hatlarına bağlı bir eksantrik dişliyi döndürür. Çubuk hatları kuyulara ulaşmak için yolların üzerinden veya altından yönlendirilmiş olabilir. Bunlar ileri geri hareket ederek enerjiyi mekanik olarak taşıyorlar. Motor egzoz borusunda bir "çığırtkan" uzaktan dahi, motorun operatörlerine hala çalışmakta olduğunu belirtecek belirgin bir ses verir. Doğal gaz ile işleyen motor, Mayıs ve Ekim ayları arasında her gün çalışmaktadır.
Critiques | Translate
psamaddar (1089) 2013-08-31 21:22
Interesting pattern type capture..bright color..liked the POV..well taken.
kato (9542) 2013-08-31 21:57
This is an interesting technology in old days, so it's impressive to see long high voltage power transmission lines which was connected to the triangular miner and was used to pump several wells at the same time. Anyway, is central unit of the engine is placed to the inside of building at upper left? Well composed and excellent tone/clarity.
ikeharel (44057) 2013-09-01 1:43
Took me a while to comprehend the tech.'s used in old times, but must say that's looks interesting. A nice outdoor museum, pic. show an abundance of green, contrast with the rusty hut on side.
Fine photo collected.
Have a nice sunday,
Nicou (105851) 2013-09-01 1:48
quel graphisme e tiamge sueprbe captage et vue ces éléments de fer couleur rouille et ces troncs d'arbres quel vert sur le pré sueprbe compo et vue.
bravo et amitié
Miguel82 (14500) 2013-09-01 3:21
Happy to know more about petrol industry history Murat, this is a nice view of the museum garden and show a special skill here
An educational report I appreciate
rychem (13688) 2013-09-01 8:37
This here is a rare photo and I think it is underrated, but it presents an interesting technical object, very well done
holmertz (31322) 2013-09-01 8:54
This is an interesting photo and a nice composition, and the longer I look at it the more I realize the beauty of it. The long wire creates a fine and slightly uneven diagonal passing through the triangular constructions. The branches of the nearest tree form a kind of triangle upside down. I like the many rusty brown details in the green surroundings. The note is very interesting too.
pajaran (41755) 2013-09-02 8:53
Interesantan tekst o muzeju, sa datim podacima ...
Lep pogled na mesto ...
Dobar trenutak snimka, kontarst i perspektiva, lepe boje.
Dobar rad, lepo pokazano mesto.
Imajte lep dan, sve najbolje u novoj nedelji koja je pocela.
An interesting article about the museum, with the given data ...
Nice view of the place ...
A good time recording, kontarst and perspective, beautiful colors.
Good work, nice place shown.
Have a great day, all the best in the new week that started.
EstudioChispa (1694) 2013-09-02 9:19
An eccentric gear, transmitting power mechanically -- fascinating stuff! I presume each of the tripods here is intended to represent a well. Amazing adaptation of available technology!
It reminds me of a rather unique arrangement I know from my time farming in Southwestern Kansas. (I am sure these are in use elsewhere, too.) To power pump to draw water from a well for crop irrigation, farmers would build engine stands out near the field and mount a "naked" large V-8 motor, or perhaps a large Caterpillar industrial engine. In Southwestern Kansas, there is also some natural gas, so the lucky farmers could run a supply line from their gas well to the engine, to power the thing. Of course, they were close to the well, too, so the water being brought up and pumped out served first to cool the engine! They ran "open headers," i.e., a plain exhaust manifold with no further pipes, so at night, these beasts would shoot blue flames out both sides about 18 inches long. Of course, in the flat farm country, the engines' roar could be heard for miles!
I've done a quick google search and haven't found a foto of exactly this arrangement in operation, but here's a two-motor rig that's for sale, already converted for natural gas!
- Copyright: Murat Tanyel (mcmtanyel) (5273)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2013-07-12
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Nikon D7000, AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-105mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR, RAW, Vivitar Series 1 HD CPL 67mm
- Exposure: f/5.6, 1/125 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Map: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2013-08-31 20:24