At the beginning of the 9th century the Zadar bishop Donatus and the city duke Paul mediated in the dispute between the Holy Roman empire under Pepin and the Byzantine Empire. The Franks held Zadar for a short time, but the city was returned to Byzantium by a decision of the 812 Treaty of Aachen.
Zadar's economy revolved around sea, fishing and sea trade in the first centuries of the Middle Ages. Thanks to saved Antique ager, adjusted municipal structure and a new strategic position, it became the most important city between the Kvarner islands and Kaštela Bay. Byzantine Dalmatia wasn't territorially unified, but an alliance of city municipalities headed by Zadar, and the large degree of city autonomy allowed the development of Dalmatian cities as free communes. Forced to turn their attention seawards, the inhabitants of Zadar focused on shipping, and the city became a naval power to rival Venice. The citizens were Dalmatian language speakers, but from the 7th century Croatian language started to spread in a region, becoming predominant in the inland and the islands to the end of the 9th century.
Political map of the western Balkans in 925 AD
The Mediterranean and Adriatic cities developed significantly during a period of peace from the last decades of the 9th to the middle of the 10th century. Especially favourable conditions for navigation in the Adriatic Sea occurred since the Saracen raids had finished. Also the adjustment of relations with the Croats enabled Zadar merchants to trade with its rich agriculture hinterland where the Kingdom of Croatia had formed, and trade and political links with Zadar began to develop. Croatian settlers began to arrive, becoming commonplace by the 10th century, occupying all city classes, as well as important posts, like those of prior, judge, priest and others. In 925, Tomislav, the Duke of Croatian Dalmatia, united Croatian Dalmatia and Pannonia establishing the Croatian Kingdom. He was also granted the position of protector of Dalmatia (the cities) by the Byzantine Emperor. He thus politically united the Dalmatian cities with their hinterland.
Critiques | Translate
daddo (23859) 2012-12-11 16:02
Zdravo Davore. Izgleda da su uredili Zadar od kad sam ga zadnji put vidio.Ili to tako izgleda nocom. Ja sam vidio grad nevoljeni, grafiti svugda i smeca. Jeli upravnik grada jos Kalmeta? Govorilo se da ce on polipsati Zadar a po ovoj sceni izgleda da ima smisla kako se arangiralo arhijelogice komade uz putelkom i svita nadodalo. Mozete kao Zadrani biti oholi sa ovim resultatom i ti isto sa tvojom fotografijom koja obogati ovaj dio grada sa fantasticnom atmosferom.Pozdrav. Klaudio.
freeride01 (167) 2012-12-11 16:36
Sorry but I didn't read your note below. It only distracts the photo. Just an amazing shot. Perhaps you were lucky to get the lightning but makes it very special.
fotoguy22 (4792) 2012-12-11 17:05
I like lightning photos in general but the addition of the lighted buildings in different colors is a major plus.
GiovanniG (2548) 2012-12-11 17:53
Wonderful capture of a stroke of lightning and a beautiful city. Love the dof and your perspective. Well done Davor! Your caption is most enlightening! Sorry for the pun....
ACL1978 (7467) 2012-12-11 18:10
Really outstanding long exposure, Davor - the bottom part of the shot really glows beautifully (I love the effect of the lanterns in the grass), and of course the lightning is just spectacular. Really nicely done.
Antipodean (1645) 2012-12-11 20:08
Kia ora Davor,
Great photo, especially with the lightning. Have been taking photos for almost 50 years & never yet captured lightning. Very well done & effective. Cheers, Neil
cargus (8094) 2012-12-11 21:01
Beautiful night scene, played in the most beautiful colors, clear picture and well done.!
girni (344) 2012-12-11 23:11
superbe photo de foudre au bon moment !
la netteté et les couleurs sont un +
jhm (138382) 2012-12-12 4:18
For this nice picture have to you use a tripod, excellent taken image.
Also very spectacular image with different thunder flashes.
Excellent composition, nice view about the city.
Very well done, TFS.
Have a nice day,
CLODO (30068) 2012-12-12 4:35
Decisive moment taken with the mix of lightning and artificial lights on this church. The persons seem not to take care of the coming storm!
CPD66 (787) 2012-12-12 4:58
well framed, great colours and a good subject matter.
well done on a great photo.
leo61 (0) 2012-12-18 11:27
Only a few words for this great shot!
Fantastic,excellent light management,perfect timing and amazing colors and contrast.