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Veliko Tarnovo often referred to as the "city of the Tsars" and is famous as the historical capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire. Veliko Tarnovo grew quickly to become the strongest Bulgarian fortification of the middle ages between the 12th and 14th century. The city flourished and grew for 200 years. The political upsurge and spiritual development were discontinued on 17 July 1393. After vigorous resistance to a three-month siege Veliko Tarnovo was sized and whole Bulgarian Empire was destroyed by the Ottoman Empire. On 23 April 1876 the April uprising marked the beginning of the end of the Ottoman occupation. It was soon followed by the Russo-Turkish war (1877-1878). On 7 July 1877 Russian general Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko liberated Veliko Tarnovo ending the 480-year-rule of the Ottoman Empire. On 17 April 1879 the First National Assembly convened in Veliko Tarnovo to ratify the state's first constitution, known as the Tarnovo Constitution, the key result of which resulted in the transfer of parliament from Veliko Tarnovo to Sofia, which today remains the Bulgarian capital.
Source: Wikipedia

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Additional Photos by Zbigniew Kalinowski (fotka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 344 W: 5 N: 636] (3343)
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