Structure 42 is oriented on a north-south axis and completes the Central Plaza, on its eastern side. For the most part, it is a long (67 metres) low platform just 22 metres wide. It would seem that this was the only building on the plaza to provide accommodation for the ruling élite. Remains of its rooms are situated at about the half-way point (in the photo, taken from the northwest end) and, at most, these are under 5 metres in height and were vaulted. Its main room contained the most important burial site yet discovered in Dzibilchaltun, that of K'alom Uk'Uw, the ruler of Ch'iy Chan Ti'Ho. It would seem that this was the original name for Dzibilchaltun, and it was carved as an emblem glyph on a deer's bone found at the burial site. A similar, though incomplete inscription is carved into Stela 19 (tomorrow's upload), assumed to represent the same person.
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