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Photographer's Note

This is one of the less preserved area here in my country. It's mainly due to the natural structure (undurable)of the stones, secondly insufficient funds allocated to this city.

BRIEF HISTORY:
Knidos was one of the most important cities on the west Anatolian coast. It belonged to the Dorian Hexapolis, consisting of Lindos, Lalysos and Kamiros in Rhodes, the island of Kos, and Knidos and Halikarnassos on the west Anatolian coast. The temple of Apollo, which was the common sanctuary of the Hexapolis, stood at Knidos.

The city of Knidos was built on terraces, rising like a theatre from the coast to the acropolis. The projecting headland, called triopium, was connected with the city by moles. Thus Knidos possessed a double harbour. Strabo says that one of the harbours was a naval station which could be closed and had a capacity for berthing twenty triremes. The moles have now silted up, creating an isthmus, but traces of walls show that there had been a channel about 10 m. wide connecting the two harbours ( Love, TAD, 1968, 134). Knidos developed excellent commerce and exported a famous wine. From the 6th century B. C. on, the city already played an important role in the Greek world. The Knidians, like other rich cities, erected a Structure at Delphi, ca. 540 B. C., called thesauros or treasury which contained works of art dedicated to Apollo. The Lesche (pavilion) of Knidos at Athens was noted for its mural painting by Polygnotos (ca. 450 B. C.).

The city was the birth-place of Eudoxos, one of the most important astronomers and mathematicians in history (ca. 400 B.C.). The architect, Sostratos, designer of the lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the seven wonders of the world, was also a native of Knidos. In the temple of Aphrodite stood the greatly prized statue of the goddess by Praxiteles which is known to us only by its Roman copies. In 1857 C. T. Newton carried out excavations with important results.

His findings, including the magnificent seated statue of Demeter, are now in the British Museum.

Location : Datca/Mugla/Turkey

(cropped, sharpened and breightness/contrast adjusted)

Aegean, ChristianS, pulezan, Oldtree, papagolf21, HOBO has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by bulent pehlivan (bpelvan) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 732 W: 121 N: 806] (3798)
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