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The Hittites established their bronze age capital at Hattusa near present day Bogazkale, east of Ankara. Only the stone walls remain. Dwellings and public buildings were constructed mainly of adobe mud brick, and wood, anchored to the stone foundation walls often into drilled holes in the rock. The Hittites were here between 1750 and 1200 BC, when the city of about 50,000 inhabitants was destroyed for the last time:

"Although Hattusa became the capital of one of the greatest Near Eastern empires, the city was almost completely destroyed several times. One critical episode came early in the 14th century (B.C.), when enemy forces launched a series of massive attacks upon the Hittite homeland, crossing its borders from all directions. The attackers included Arzawan forces from the west and south, Kaskan mountain tribes from the north, and Isuwan forces from across the Euphrates in the east. The Hittite king Tudhaliya III (c. 1360?-1350 B.C.) had no choice but to abandon his capital to the enemy. Tudhaliya probably went into exile in the eastern city of Samuha (according to his grandson and biographer, Mursili II, Tudhalia used Samuha as his base of operations for reconquering lost territories). Hattusa was destroyed, and the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III (1390–1352 B.C.) declared, in a letter tablet found at Tell el-Amarna, in Egypt, that “The Land of Hatti is finished!”" Source: http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/ancient-cultures/ancient-near-eastern-world/the-last-days-of-hattusa/

Throughout the city remain several imposing stone gates such as this one. Possibly South Gate? Some are decorated with statues of lions, kings and sphinxes.

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Additional Photos by Chris Jules (ChrisJ) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9842 W: 992 N: 18674] (94844)
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