Hagia Sophia (from the Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, "Holy Wisdom" Turkish: Ayasofya) is a former Greek Orthodox patriarchal basilica, later an imperial mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its construction in 537 until 1453, it served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931. It was then secularized and opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.
The Church was dedicated to the Wisdom of God, the Logos, the second person of the Holy Trinity,its patronal feast taking place on 25 December, the commemoration of the Birth of the incarnation of the Logos in Christ
Although sometimes referred to as Sancta Sophia (as though it were named after Saint Sophia), sophia being the phonetic spelling in Latin of the Greek word for wisdom, its full name in Greek is Ναός τῆς Ἁγίας τοῦ Θεοῦ Σοφίας, "Shrine of the Holy Wisdom of God". Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and is said to have "changed the history of architecture." It remained the world's largest cathedral for nearly a thousand years, until Seville Cathedral was completed in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and was the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site, the previous two having both been destroyed by rioters. It was designed by the Greek scientists Isidore of Miletus, a physicist, and Anthemius of Tralles, a mathematician.
The church contained a large collection of holy relics and featured, among other things, a 15-metre (49 ft) silver iconostasis. The focal point of the Eastern Orthodox Church for nearly one thousand years, the building witnessed the excommunication of Patriarch Michael I Cerularius on the part of Pope Leo IX in 1054, an act which is commonly considered the start of the Great Schism.
In 1453, Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks under Sultan Mehmed II, who ordered this main church of the Orthodox Christianity converted into a mosque. By this point, the Church had fallen into a state of disrepair. Nevertheless, the Christian cathedral made a strong impression on the new Ottoman rulers and they decided to convert it into a mosque. The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessels and other relics were removed and the mosaics depicting Jesus, his Mother Mary, Christian saints and angels were also removed or plastered over. Islamic features – such as the mihrab, minbar, and four minarets – were added. It remained a mosque until 1931 when it was closed to the public for four years. It was re-opened in 1935 as a museum by the Republic of Turkey.
From its initial conversion until the construction of the nearby larger Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque of Istanbul) in 1616, it was the principal mosque of Istanbul. The Hagia Sophia served as inspiration for many other Ottoman mosques, such as the Blue Mosque, the Şehzade Mosque, the Süleymaniye Mosque, the Rüstem Pasha Mosque and the Kılıç Ali Paşa Mosque.
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Critiques | Translate
pajaran (52602) 2014-05-31 11:57
Interesantan tekst o Ayasofya sa istorijom i opisom ...
Dobar trenutak snimka i kontrast, lepo pokazana arhitektura i detalji.
Dobar rad i kompozicija, lepe boje.
Imajte lep dan, sve najbolje za vikend, srecno.
An interesting article about Ayasofya with a history and description of ...
Good time recording and contrast nicely demonstrated architecture and details.
Good work and composition, beautiful colors.
Have a nice day, all the best for the weekend, good luck.
emka (79875) 2014-05-31 12:50
Hello Eleni, Nice view of the Hagia Sophia. Very nice composition with the horse chestnuts in blossom in the foreground. Excellent colours and sharpness.
WArm regrads MAlgo
COSTANTINO (56223) 2014-05-31 13:00
Hello dear Eleni
what a beautiful postcard from AgiaSofia
the excellent chosen point of view show
this museum in the best way
your notes are really useful
have a nice time
carlo62 (33793) 2014-05-31 13:45
una foto ben gestita, le linee sono quasi perfette e non è facile.
Ottima anche la composizione con il soggetto principale leggermente decentrato per dare spazio alla torre slanciata.
Mi piace molto la mezzaluna rossa con tutte le finestre al centro dell'immagine, attira l'attenzione e da un tono di colore a tutta la foto.
ikeharel (58195) 2014-06-01 0:57
Placed well all the major elements over this magnificent location, Eleni.
Favorable daylight and fine clear day contributed a lot here.
The monument is most interesting and intriguingh subject. Nice taken from POV chosen.
umutlu101 (13541) 2014-06-01 2:24
très belle interprétation de ayasofya
jhm (140054) 2014-06-01 4:16
Thank you very much for your excellent notes about the history.
Also the dome and the minarette are excellent taken.
Sharpness and clarity be superb, also colours and subject makes these picture attractive, nice architecture picture.
Excellent composition good presentation too.
Very well done, TFS.
Have a nice Sunday,
cornejo (32168) 2014-06-01 5:03
Hola Eleni, estupenda foto de esta bonita composición con esta gran basílica, muy bien captada en esta bonita postal con muy buena calidad, muy buen y bonito trabajo perfectamente realizado, mis felicitaciones querida amiga, gracias por compartir.
Buen día y feliz comienzo de semana.
Un cordial saludo.
Silvio1953 (123561) 2014-06-01 6:45
Ciao Eleni, gran bella vista del più famoso monumento di Istanbul, splendida nitidezza e magnifici colori, brava, ciao Silvio
Noel_Byrne (24852) 2014-06-01 7:52
I have always found this place so fascinating, so a pleasure to view your post here of it. I remember reading that when the Muslim faith took over this place for the last time, the emperor commanded that the Christian icons be plastered over instead of destroyed, so that future generations would find them. He knew the wealth of history and art and made a wise decision. Such history in this place, and it is easy to see its design evident in the other great mosques you mentioned. This is a place I really hope to see someday. I really admire your composition here, its a very different view from what we normally see, very nicely considered.
Thanks as always
photoray (12497) 2014-06-01 8:01
Interesting view of the impressive Hagia Sophia, above the tree tops, focusing on the elaborate domes and minaret, in fine resolution, and a blend of Christian and Muslim.
resat1972 (7362) 2014-06-01 10:04
güzel bir açı
Cricri (107274) 2014-06-02 8:35
Belle présentation de AgiaSofia, j'aime le rendu des couleurs, la netteté, les arbres en fleurs sur l'avant plan en fait une belle présentation
Plein de bonheur mon amie
A très bientôt
abmdsudi (43718) 2014-06-02 18:18
Majestic structure of this magnificent church and a very interesting deep history to go along with, It's so well preserved and your lovely defined shot revealing the original colours with super detail of the stonework. This is a really eye catching capture that screams out quality, excellent use of the light, shadows and tones to optimum effect, and the touch of lively green clinches the shot smartly. Delightful.