St. Mary Draperis
Istanbul Trip, Day 3, Scene 11
Walking down Istiklal Avenue we went past this church which I must have passed by about a hundred times when I lived in Istanbul. This time, I stopped to take photos. I found out that it is the Church of St. Mary Draperis. This is what I found out about it in Wikipedia:
Saint Mary Draperis is a Roman Catholic Church in Istanbul, important for historical reasons. Established in 1584, the church is one of the most ancient Roman Catholic parishes of Istanbul.
In 1453, a few months before the Ottoman Conquest of Constantinople, Observant Franciscan Friars completed the construction of the church of Saint Anthony of the Cypresses in Sirkeci (at that time center of the venetian Merchants in Constantinople), on the southern bank of the Golden Horn, but soon after the Conquest they were forced to abandon it. After several peregrinations, in 1584 they moved to Galata, in the neighborhood of Mumhane (English: Wax Han), where a Levantine woman, Clara Maria Draperis, endowed them a house with a tiny chapel. The altar of the chapel was adorned with a wooden icon portraying the Virgin Mary. The chapel burned completely in 1660, and the icon was rescued by a member of the Draperis family. In case of total destruction because of fire, Ottoman law imposed the restitution of the land to the State. Because of that, in order to rebuild the church the friars should have first asked for a Sultan's Firman allowing the reconstruction, but in absence of that the just rebuilt church was demolished in 1663 by the Ottoman government. The friars then abandoned the neighborhood and settled uphill in Pera, in a place named Dörtyol (four roads). They built there in 1678 a new church, which burned in 1697, was rebuilt and destroyed again by the strong earthquake of 1727. Erected once again, the edifice burned for the third time in 1767 and was finally rebuilt for the fifth time in 1769. After each catastrophe the icon of the Virgin could always be rescued, and embellishes still today the main altar. Together with St. Anthony of Padua, also on Istiklal Caddesi, and SS. Peter and Paul in Galata, the church was one of the three Roman Catholic Parishes in the Levantine quarter of Istanbul. During the 19th century St. Mary became one of the most prestigious Catholic churches in the city. In 1803 its parish had a flock of 470 Levantines, plus several Arab Catholics from Aleppo and Armenian Catholics.
The church is still officiated by reformed Franciscan friars who offer daily masses in Italian and mass in Spanish every Sunday.
The blurriness of the in the lower banisters / door area must have been due to wet filter on the lens. By this time, I had given up on drying the camera.
Aziz Meryem Draperis
İstanbul Seyahati, Gün 3, Sahne 11
İstiklal Caddesi boyunca yürürken ben İstanbul'da yaşadığım zamanlar yaklaşık yüz kere geçmiş olduğum bu kilisenin yanından geçtik. Bu sefer, fotoğraf çekmek için durdum. Bunun Aziz Mary Draperis Kilisesi olduğunu öğrendim. İşte Wikipediadan bu konuda öğrendiklerim:
Aziz Mary Draperis İstanbul'da tarihsel nedenlerle önemli bir Roma Katolik Kilisesidir. 1584 yılında kurulan kilise İstanbul'unen eski Roma Katolik cemaatlarından biridir.
1453 yılında, Konstantinopolisin Osmanlılarca fethinden birkaç ay önce, İtaatkâr Fransiskan Keşişleri Haliçin güney kıyısında Sirkecide, (Konstantinopolisdeki Venedik tüccarlarının o zamanki merkezi) Selvilerin Azizi Anthony kilisesinin inşaatını tamamlandı, ama fethinden kısa sonra bunu terk etmek zorunda kaldılar. Birkaç taşınmadan sonra, 1584 yılında Galata'ya, Mumhane (İngilizce Wax Han) Mahallesi'ne, onlara Levanten bir kadın Clara Maria Draperisin küçük bir şapel ile donatılmış bir ev bağışladığı yere taşındılar. Şapelin sunağı Aziz Meryemi tasvir eden ahşap bir simge ile süslenmişti. Şapel 1660 yılında tamamen yandı ve ikon Draperis ailesinin bir üyesi tarafından kurtarıldı. Yangın nedeniyle toplam imha durumunda, Osmanlı hukuku arazinin devlete iadesini empoze ederdi. Bu nedenle, kiliseyi yeniden inşa etmek amacıyla rahiplerin önce Sultan'ın fermanını istemeliydiler, ama bunun yokluğunda yeni yapılmış kilise, Osmanlı hükümeti tarafından 1663 yılında yıkıldı. Rahipler daha sonra mahalleyi terkettiler ve yokuş yukarı, Pera'da Dörtyol adlı bir yerde yerleştiler. Orada 1697 yılında yanan yeni bir kiliseyi 1678 yılında inşa ettiler, yeniden inşa edildi ve 1727de güçlü bir depremde tahrip edildi. Tekrar dikilen yapı 1767 yılında üçüncü kez yandı ve nihayet 1769 yılında beşinci kez yeniden inşa edildi. Her felaketten sonra Meryem simgesi hep kurtarıldı, ve bugün hala ana sunağı süslemektedir. Bu kilise, İstiklal Caddesi üzerinde Aziz Padua Anthony ve Galatada Azizler Peter ve Paul ile birlikte, İstanbul'da Levanten bölümünde üç Roma Katolik cemaatlerinden biriydi. 19. yüzyılda Aziz Meryem kentin en prestijli Katolik kiliselerinden biri oldu. 1803 yılında cemaatinde, Halep ve Ermeni Katoliklerden 470 Levanten, artı birkaç Arap Katoliği vardı.
Kilisede halen reforme Fransiskan rahipleri tarafından yönetilen her Pazar İspanyolca aşai rabbani ayini, günlük İtalyanca ayinler sunulur.
Alt korkuluk / kapı alanındaki bulanıklık mercek üzerindeki ıslak filtre nedeniyle olmalı. Artık ben fotoğraf makinesini kurutmaktan vazgeçmiştim.
Critiques | Translate
jcpix (11680) 2014-04-05 19:18
Funny how that works, yeah...pass it a million times over, and then once is all it takes to see it for a photographic opportunity. Mysterious light and enticing colors you've captured here, and I love the big arch within the frame. A wonderful mixture of elements and mood. Nicely see, even if it did take this long. :) Enjoy the rest of the evening. Take it easy.
batalay (34795) 2014-04-05 20:03
Merhaba Murat Bey,
We frequently take for granted the gems that surround us. I too have walked past this church many times, but never stepped inside. It's a pleasure now to finally see the interior and to read your highly informative note.
Warm regards, and have good Sunday,
COSTANTINO (51956) 2014-04-05 22:13
Hello dear friend
its a great pleasure to see this church s
interior and read all your useful notes
the beauty here are the used colors and
the excellent chosen point of view
showing this church differently
have a nice Sunday
jadesgran (5066) 2014-04-05 22:17
A very striking picture with some lovely colours.I like your P.O.V.it works very well.
An informative note Thank you.
kato (11630) 2014-04-06 4:39
You're capturing well this church and the surroundings by a good angle and excellent tone/clarity, so it's interesting and impressive to see the Roman Catholic Church with a good design and stained glass in front. It's also tasteful for stairs with iron handrail. The whole is harmonized well by a good arrangement and beautiful color combination.
jemaflor (81388) 2014-04-06 9:49
Well taken, interesting effect with exposure and colors capture, good depth result, tfs.
pierrefonds (55268) 2014-04-06 17:29
You had a good idea to use the arch to frame the church. Using an ISO of 1600 and a slow shutter is speed is showing the details and the colors of the facade of the church. It also has a special effect on the colors. Have a nice day.
nikkitta (13556) 2014-04-07 13:55
Quite true, searching subjects for photos and having them quite close
It seems the church is below level street, like your creative frame with the arc wallls and also the catching color contrast
ChrisJ (94842) 2014-04-08 9:35
This is almost next door to St Anthonys in Istiklal St. I must investigate it closer one day. Good pp work that gives nice warm cold color contrasts between the orange red and blue with reasonable sharpness. A little grainy but the overcast weather no doubt played a part in that. Tfs!
elenimavrandoni (14241) 2014-04-08 20:47
Murat, one more extraordinary picture one more monument that deserves our attention!!
I simply love your country and your city so much to see and to enjoy!!
your note is impressive as is your picture!!
jmdias (52918) 2014-04-15 1:41
a very interesting note. the churches I saw in morocco were ever closed, not open and they were an colonial imposition. this one was part of the past that was kept despite the swaps in the region. nice view using the stairs and the arch.
- Copyright: Murat Tanyel (mcmtanyel) (10921)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2014-03-09
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Nikon D7000, AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-105mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR, RAW, Vivitar Series 1 HD CPL 67mm
- Exposure: f/3.5, 1/6 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Map: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2014-04-05 18:45