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The great leader of Turkish Independence War and Turkish Revolution and the founder of Turkish Republic Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s life, with full of struggles for Turkish land's freedom and endeavours to raise the Turkish Nation to the level of contemporary civilization, lasted 57 years. It ended on 10 November 1938 and the great leader passed to eternity.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is a great leader, achieving to make Turkey a member of contemporary civilization with all its institutions, has a special place in the history of humanities. The idea to build a mausoleum to reflect his greatness in every respect and to present his thoughts on principles, his reforms and modernization, was the common desire of the Turkish Nation in deepest grief of losing Atatürk.


Before building of Anitkabir, Anittepe’s (Monument Hill ) name was Rasattepe (Observation Hill) because there was an observatory on this hill.

There were also tumuluses (graves) belonging to Phrygian civilization of 3rd Century BC on this hill. Archeological excavations took place to remove these tombs after the decision was given to build Anitkabir on Rasattepe. Remains found on these excavations are on display in the museum of Anatolian Civilizations.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: ERHAN EKEN (erhan1958) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1169 W: 158 N: 364] (14689)
  • Genre: People
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2013-10-29
  • Categories: Ceremony
  • Exposure: f/13.0, 1/400 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2013-10-30 11:29
Viewed: 651
Points: 14
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Additional Photos by ERHAN EKEN (erhan1958) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1169 W: 158 N: 364] (14689)
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