Salvage of shipwrecks dates back centuries, but scientific underwater archaeology is a recent discipline born in Bodrum. It was conceived in 1959 when Peter Throckmorton, an American journalist and salvage diver, dove on several shipwrecks guided by Turkish sponge fisherman Kemal Aras. It was Throckmortonís decision to seek help from professional
archaeologists that led to the birth of scientific underwater +archaeology with the first dives of Prof. George Bass and his team in 1960. It was given substance by the establishment of the Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA) and the creation of the Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology in the Bodrum Castle.
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