the Library of Celsus-Efes İZMİR
the Library of Celsus, whose two-tiered facade reaches us in a remarkable state of preservation, is immediately recognizable. The library was built between 110 and 135 AD by the Consul Julius Aquila as a mausoleum for his father, Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, governor of the Asian Provinces. Celsus' remains remain surprisingly intact under the apsidal wall.
Three levels of niches indicate that the building had three stories, the upper two levels of which were accessible via a horseshoe-shaped gallery. Scrolls or books were stored in the rows of niches and reading materials were dispensed by a librarian.
In the lower niches of the facade are copies of four statues personifying wisdom, knowledge, destiny, and intelligence, the originals having been taken to Vienna.
The library was abandoned after a fire of unspecified date destroyed the reading room, and around 400 AD the courtyard below the exterior steps was converted into a pool.
The facade collapsed in an earthquake in the 10th century, but was restored and re-erected by F. Hueber of the Austrian Archaeological Institute between 1970 and 1978.
Critiques | Translate
Sureyya (358) 2007-10-31 9:46
Merhaba Cevdet bey,
Çekim açısı, renkler ve kompozisyon harika.
erel (11890) 2007-11-07 8:18
Çok iyi bir bakış açısı ve kadraj ayrıca netlik süper tebrikler. EREL
foozi (7101) 2008-07-22 2:30
you always have something great and educational to show and to share. Lovley shot of this construction. Very historic and well composed to indicate its environment too. I like the colours, the BG and the lighting.
halikarnas (7869) 2008-09-01 12:51
Cevdet Bey Merhaba,
Muhteşem bir tarihi eser ve ayni güzellikte bir fotoğraf.Sanıyorum tarihi eser çekimi yapılırken incelikleri var. Sen bu imcelikleri bildiğin içinmi böyle güzel fotoğraflar. Eline sağlık.
giorgimer (34941) 2009-01-27 0:45
I like a lot this place, I wish to visit it in the future. Well composed image. I'll add it to my "greek and roman" theme.
hay_kes (31439) 2009-07-11 0:35
Efes'ten harika bir görünüm.Eline sağlık.
kordinator (21569) 2010-11-05 0:28
Great architecture image.
You've done well in chosing the angle.
Nice are strong and vivid colors.
Great composition and presentation.
fabianoleite (11971) 2011-05-05 15:34
Wonderful ruins. Two points I like: the small people in the fornt, showing the real dimensions of the monument, and the big mountain on the background, giving depth to the image. And of course, the ruins themselves are marvellous, with great texture and colors. Congratulations!
- Copyright: cevdet ozcelik (yedirenk) (11244)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2007-10-29
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Samsung S800
- Exposure: f/7.1, 1/180 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Roman and greek inheritance [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2007-10-31 9:39