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Shaped by the hand of nature and extant since the ancient times, Pamukkale is one of the world's most outstanding legacies. Located in the province of Denizli this natural wonder is comprised of terraces and travertine formed by hot springs and streams depositing carbonate minerals. Pamukkale has gained eminence for its waters believed to have curative powers and been used as a thermal bath since centuries.

The underground water once gave life to the ancient city of Hierapolis (established in 200 BC) now helps Pamukkale be one of the most important thermal centers of Turkey. The unique formations of travertine (calcium carbonate) shelves, pools and stalactites, which hug the ridge above town like a white scar, were created by the area’s warm mineral water, which cools as it cascades over the cliff edge and deposits its calcium. It’s a strange piece of landscape and this ancient site has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.

Since the 90s, getting down or stepping on the terraces has been forbidden, due to damage to these terraces by thoughtless tourists. In fact, after getting listed as an UNESCO site, lot of hotels and restaurants were removed from the upper grounds as their wastewater discharge was also damaging the calcite terraces. The guys you see in the picture are however from a television station and hence would have had a special permission to walk on the terraces.

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Additional Photos by Angshuman Chatterjee (Angshu) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 7754 W: 324 N: 15606] (55035)
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