Passover cermony of the Samarats in Mt. Gerizim, Near Nablus.
The Samaritan congregation is a remnant of the ancient kingdom of Israel. Samaritans observe the Torah (Law of Moses) to the letter, and to this very day.
At the beginning of the 5th century C.E., the Samaritan population had reached over one million throughout the country. However, rapidly changing regimes, conversions to Islam and Christianity, various sanctions and persecutions have taken their toll, extremely reducing the Samaritan population to slightly over one hundred at the start of the 20th century.
The third decade of the 20th century has brought about a relative stability to the Samaritan population and ever since, the Samaritans congregation experiences development in every aspect of life.
Among its many titles, one may grant them with the title of the most ancient people that preserved the oldest tradition.
Throughout the years, the uproars and changes they have been through, the Samaritans have successfully preserved their legacy and uniqueness as the most ancient people. The Hebrew writing which was always preserved, the ancient Hebrew tongue which was used also by their Jewish siblings up until the first millennium C.E., a unique thousands of years old way of life dating to the Israelite arrival at Canaan which includes rituals, prayers, customs and ancient bibles.