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Photographer's Note

These arch columns are the bases of the hippodrome spectator platform.

The hippodrome locates beyond the triumphal arch and it is the largest and the best-preserved Hippodrome in the world. It once seated 20,000 spectators and was used for very popular and dangerous chariot races, as seen in Ben Hur.

The most important city of ancient Phoenicia, located at the site of present-day Sr (Tyre) in southern Lebanon.


A few historic marks :

Tyre was founded at the start of the 3rd century BC as a modest island city.

Its first golden age began in the 9th and 8th century BC when Phoenician traders from Tyre founded colonies around the Mediterranean and Atlantic. Tyre's splendid life style catered to an affluent merchant class whose newly acquired wealth and prosperity made many powerful enemies such as the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar and Alexander the Great.

After its Hellenistic period, Tyre fell under Roman rule in 64 BC. During this period, the Romans built many impressive monuments, including an aqueduct, a triumphal arch, and the largest hippodrome in antiquity.

Later, under the Byzantine era, Tyre witnesses a second golden age, consequence of the commerce of purple dye.

Then Tyre passed under the conquering Islamic army in 634. It continued to prosper exporting sugar, as well as, objects made of pearl and glass.

From the 10th century to the early 20th century, the invading armies of the Crusaders, the Mameluks, and the Ottomans came, saw and conquered this prosperous little island city. It was not until the end of the First World War that Tyre became integrated into the new nation of Lebanon.

Tyre (Arabic صور Sūr, Phoenician Sur, Akkadian Surru, Greek Τύρος Tros, Turkish: Sur)

Meaning:
Strength, rock; sharp. Tyre origin. Biblical.
Tyre was originally a rocky Island. Its name was derived from the Semitic word "Sr." meaning "rock!

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Hussein Kefel (Hussein_Kefel) Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 43 W: 0 N: 116] (815)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2002-09-17
  • Categories: Architecture, Ruins
  • Exposure: f/2.8, 1/125 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2009-01-19 4:46
Viewed: 3512
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Additional Photos by Hussein Kefel (Hussein_Kefel) Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 43 W: 0 N: 116] (815)
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