Date palm, Phoenix dactylifera L., is one of the oldest fruit trees in the world and is mentioned in the Qur'an and Bible. The number of the date palms is about 100 million worldwide, of which 62 million palms can be found in the Arab world. The place of origin of the date palm is uncertain. Some claim that the date palm first originated in Babel, Iraq, while others believe that it originated in Dareen or Hofuf, Saudi Arabia or Harqan, an island on the Arabian Gulf in Bahrain.
Phoenix dactylifera commonly known as the date palm, is a palm in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Due to its long history of cultivation for fruit, its exact native distribution is unknown, but probably originated somewhere in the desert oases of northern Africa, and also Western Asia. It is a medium-sized plant, 15–25 m tall, often clumped with several plants from a single root system, but often growing singly as well. The leaves are pinnate, 3–5 m long, with spines on the petiole and about 150 leaflets; the leaflets are 30 cm long and 2 cm broad. The full span of the crown ranges from 6 to 10 m.
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