Caesarea is located on the Israeli Mediterranean Coastal Plain, the historic land bridge between Europe, Asia and Africa approximately half-way between the major cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa.
Caesarea is the city that Herod the Great dedicated to Caesar Augustus more than 2,000 years ago. It was originally called Straton's Tower after its founder Straton, who is believed to have been a ruler of Sidon in the 4th century BCE.
In 96 BCE the city was captured by Alexander Yannai and remained in the Hasmonean kingdom until it became an autonomous city by Pompey. After being for some time in the possession of Cleopatra, ruler of Egypt, it was returned by Augustus to Herod.
Once the site of a Phoenician port, over the course of 12 years Herod built Caesarea into the grandest city other than Jerusalem in Palestine, with a deep sea harbor (called Sebastos, i.e., Augustus in Greek), aqueduct, hippodrome and magnificent amphitheater that remain standing today.
Herod renamed the city Caesarea in honor of the emperor. The population of Caesarea was half gentile and half Jewish, often causing disputes among the people. In 6 CE, Caesarea became the home of the Roman governors (Procurators) of Judea. The city remained the capital of Roman and Byzantine Palestine.
The Great Revolt of 66-70 CE started in Caesarea when the Jewish and Syrian communities began fighting over a pagan ceremony conducted on Shabbat near the entrance of a synagogue. The Romans ignored the Jewish protests of this provocation and violence soon spread throughout the country. When the Romans finally quelled the revolt, and razed Jerusalem, Caesarea became the capital of Palestine, a status it maintained until the Roman Empire was Christianized by the Emperor Constantine in 325 CE. Caesarea was also the site where the Romans tortured and executed Rabbi Akiva following the Bar Kochba revolt in 135 CE.
Caesarea is also an important site in Christian history. It was the place where Pontius Pilate governed during the time of Jesus. This was where Simon Peter converted the Roman, the first non-Jew to believe in Jesus. Paul was also imprisoned for two years in Caesarea. During the 3rd century, Caesarea was a center of Christian learning. In the 4th century, the site converted to Christianity and became a major center of the Christian Roman Empire.
In 640 CE, Caesarea was the last Palestinian city to fall to the Muslim invaders. After the Muslims swept out of Arabia and across the Middle East, driving out the Romans, Palestine was largely neglected. In 1101, the Crusaders captured the city under the leadership of Baldwin I, only to lose it in 1187 to Saladin. Under the Crusader rule, the Jewish community of Caesaria dwindled until in 1170 only 20 Jews remained. From 1251-1252, the city was entirely reconstructed by the French king Louis IX. In 1265, Caesarea fell to Baybars, the Mamluk sultan of Egypt, who destroyed the city, which remained in ruins until 1884. In 1884, a small fishing village was established on the remains at Caesarea by Muslim refugees from Bosnia. The city was abandoned by its inhabitants during the War of Independence (1948).
Unfortunately, I did not have much time for a good visit and could also not avoid the late morning bright light/sun on a hot day. The historic site is very large and requires a few hours for complete visit, not the 15 minutes I had that day.
The main picture is a view of the Herodian Amphitheatre.
It is a huge u-shaped entertainment structure, complete with an arena and hundreds of seats. Built by Herod, it was probably used for horse racing, sport events and entertainment shows during the Roman period. The amphitheatre, more than 250m long and 50m wide, originally had 12 rows of seats, with place for some 10,000 spectators. Two rows of columns were added to its eastern section at a later stage. The structure was referred to as an amphitheatre during Herod’s time (Antiq. XV:341) and might be the stadium mentioned by Josephus Flavius in Jewish War (II:9,3).
IN: Caesarea National Park brochure
In WS1, a general view of Caesarea taken from the Roman Theatre.
In WS2, a view of the Roman Theatre.
Critiques | Translate
pajaran (44418) 2009-09-02 22:42
Dobro jutro iz Srbije.
Dobar prikaz istorije arhitekture.
Dobra fotografija, uklopljenost boja i ostrina snimka.
jurek1951 (39042) 2009-09-02 23:44
Truly amazing landscape.
Very well composed and captured photo. Great color, details and light.Very well done
barrufeto_77 (28876) 2009-09-02 23:52
The colours...superb! Really excellent! Maybe it has a little bit noise but I like it anyway.
bakes888 (18499) 2009-09-03 0:16
Hi Antonio. Nice photo. I love the colour palette you have captured in this shot and those clouds are a real asset also. Well captured and thanks for sharing.
mikolaj_kawa (0) 2009-09-03 0:34
Hello Antonio! Wonderful architecture, amazing ruins, excellent amphitheatre, nice lightness, very nice colours, ssuperb scene. Good POV and capture, very nice frame. Well done!
MGHPARSI (717) 2009-09-03 0:49
Great capture and good POV!
papagolf21 (81008) 2009-09-03 1:40
Bonjour, cher ami Antonio,
Quel plaisir de découvrir un tel lieu : vestiges des siècles passés !
Un grand merci de nous faire partager ces images et ces voyages fabuleux.
ifege (9951) 2009-09-03 3:03
You do get around Antonio! (Tasmania, Israel....)
As you said tricky lighting. Maybe I would have cropped out a bit of the foreground but it does no harm to the overall photo. the sky certainly helps balance the photo.
wgreis (8267) 2009-09-03 3:49
com as pessoas caminhando pelo anfiteratro, têm-se uma boa idéia da dimensão do lugar.
Seu POV em diagonal ficou interessante e sua nota excelente.
Greg1949 (9011) 2009-09-03 5:47
Antonio, I've been here, and diving with the archeologists out at the port. I did not take pictures and yours is very good. The color pallet and the puffy clouds feel just like when I was there, great stuff.
subhendu_bagchi (23713) 2009-09-03 11:01
the amphitheatre looks great. The contrast between arena and the sky is nice. Sharpness perfect. Nice detailling of the amphitheatre with great depth. Tfs. Have a nice day.
celmaleite (4970) 2009-09-03 11:21
Nota-se a imensidão do anfiteatro e suas belas ruínas ainda conservadas pelo tempo. Belíssima composição de cores e nitidez. Parabéns, abraço.
mafegan (8622) 2009-09-03 15:54
Considering you took this photo in the middle of the day and your restricted time this is a detailed photo. The 2 visitors give perspective. Tfs, Marlene
lucasgalodoido (21046) 2009-09-03 19:51
interessante mesmo essas ruínas, e imagino como foi difícil a foto, diante de toda essa luz refletida na areia branca, mas de qualquer forma ficou ótima a foto.
Parabéns e Abraço
Urs (14082) 2009-09-03 20:49
Great note that we at least can imaging what should be seen in the technically perfect photograph, congrats Antonio, you made me see what cannot be seen in the picture. I like to visit historical sites but most of the time the ruins are very little and you really need to imaging how it may has looked like hundreds or more years ago. Well done
carper (96) 2009-09-03 23:10
Looks me a very nice place Antonio,
the sunlight was not easy here in the shot and the light was hard, but I like the composition and the good note with the shot, thanks for sharing Antonio and have a good day.
danyy (0) 2009-09-04 0:08
une photo peut-être un rien trop exposée, dû aux fortes lumières, très dures, et très verticales.
Un beau mariage entre teintes bleues et brunes.
delpeoples (50323) 2009-09-04 0:16
Hi Antonio, I've been enjoying alot of amphitheatres lately, you and Budapestman seem to be on fire! I like the minimalist look of this shot, it really gives us the feel we are in a desert and a very vast desert. The people also accentuate this solitude and the scale of the site. TFS and have a good weekend, Lisa
Giorgio (11279) 2009-09-04 0:30
- Truly a historic landscape disorienting Paul, the atmosphere totally barren, mineral and fantastic, good idea of having included the figures which gives the ladder of the place definitely, well done!
Have a nice week-end.
xuaxo (6846) 2009-09-04 7:51
Apesar da luz forte, ficou uma boa foto para dar a conhecer o sítio. O WS1 também ajuda muito. E o WS2 também é interessante.
paura (47166) 2009-09-04 16:26
Está um pouco clara mas deve ter sido a difícil iluminação que alí se apresentava. Absolutamente interessante o lugar.
foozi (7101) 2009-09-04 20:56
very lovely view with dramatic sky and excellent rendition of the place. I remember watching ole moview, this is the scene.
wonderful and beautifully capture and presented.
raszid62 (18583) 2009-09-05 5:16
Splendid ruin of Amphitheatre. Beauty piece of history.
Very good colours and very good idea. Fine POV.
emjleclercq (15780) 2009-09-05 12:56
An impressive antic site, which reminds me of the horses' race in the Ben Hur movies. And a nice blue sky over it.
All the best,
AiresSantos (56155) 2009-09-05 23:36
As cores e a perspectiva estao magnificas. As nuvens dão grande beleza. É pena alguma sobre-esposicao e ou falta de definicao devido ao contraste. Mesmo assim tem um grande valor fotografico e para o TE
Um abraco Amigo
Vasa (16658) 2009-09-06 10:13
The sun seems strong on your shot, Antonio. The life could come back here but it is the dream. Your note is so welcome for presentation of this important corner.
Friendship and felicitations,
Bluejeans (64247) 2009-09-10 10:30
Oi amigo ,
Muito interessante estes lugares e bom visitar na primavera ou outono , com este sol forte e muito difícil de tirar fotos foi o meu caso em Ibiza , bonito o Ws 2 com o mar de fundo , gostei muito dos detalhes de arquitectura destas ruínas , parabéns!!
Um abraço Gonçalo
bisok (931) 2009-09-11 4:40
You've created a very nice presentation. In combination with the photographs from WS, Photographer's Note, Photo Information, it's completed and very informative and educational show. Thank's for that.
jmdias (49715) 2009-09-11 7:53
o tempo fez um belo estrago no anfiteatro, ficou bem colocado este pov e enquadramento, as nuvens parecem admirar o local , gosto da luz e das pessoas que dão ideia do tamanho do local
MLINES (12516) 2009-09-13 4:54
Hi Antonio, Good colour differenciation between the blue skies and the earthy soil/gravel. It certainly looks similar to one in Rome where Ben Hur was filmed. Interesting commentary. TFS. Murray.
ChrisJ (92225) 2009-09-13 6:18
An interesting capture of the old ruins, with good sharpness & excellent warm cold colour contrasts, between the reddish fg, & blue sky. The people add scale. Tfs!
josepmarin (57075) 2009-09-14 3:28
buena diagonal y profunda perspectiva gracias al ángulo escogido para el encuadre,que da buen dinamismo a la escena.
Los elementos están bien organizados, has incluido inteligentemente a esas personas para dar la referencia de escala en la composición.
El cielo está maravilloso, decorado con elegancia por las pequeñas nubes de algodón.
Bonito trabajo, amigo.
pablominto (53744) 2009-09-14 22:53
The ruin is the proof of cultural activity in this place ages ago..!
Strange, but I can almost feel the heat of the place, and the harsh light is well managed with reasonable contrast...
A good documentary, where the two people is and important inclusion!
- Copyright: Antonio Ribeiro (ribeiroantonio) (22631)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2009-07-08
- Categories: Architecture, Ruins
- Camera: Canon EOS30D, Canon EF-S 17-55mm f/2.8 IS-USM, Hoya 77mm HMC Cir-Polarizer
- Exposure: f/9.0, 1/200 seconds
- Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
- Date Submitted: 2009-09-02 22:15