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Photographer's Note

In the old Sar castle, castle Shah, and Darab quarters, one could see the remains of a thick wall that once enclosed the Achaemenian Dariusí palace (521-486 BC). Some traces of the Haft Hissar (7 wall) Palace and the historic ancient rampart, sparsely found in the old citadel of Hamatana bear witness to the grandeur of this capital of the Median and the Achaemenian periods. However, an adequate appreciation of this grandeur will only be possible when systematic scientific excavations are carried out in this area. So far, the discovery of the heads of a stone statue in the hillock Mosalla has proved the earlier existence of an Ashkanian fort on that hill. At all events, Hagmatana has been one of the important military centers of the Sassanian period and has retained the same position in the Islamic era. There exists ample evidence in the history of Islamic period concerning its prosperity. ( همدان - تپه باستاني هگمتانه )

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