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Photographer's Note

Mohammad Ghaffari, better known as Kamal-ol-Molk, born in Kashan in 1848,[1] to a family greatly attached to art, and undoubtedly one of the most eminent artists in Iran, tracing their origins back to notable painters during the reign of Nader Shah. Kamal's uncle, Mirza AbolHassan Khan Ghaffari, known as Sanee-ol-Molk, a 19th-century celebrated painter, was unrivalled in watercolor portraits. His father, Mirza Bozorg Ghaffari Kashani, was the founder of Iran's painting school and a famous artist as well.
The post-Constitutional Movement era of Persia brought about a new atmosphere for the artist. The Constitutionalists were cultured and appreciated art more than did their predecessors, thus respect for Kamal-ol-Molk and his works increased.

The master established Sanaye Mostazrafeh Art School, better known as Kamal-ol-Molk Art School, pursued his artistic career and steadied the new style in Iranian art.

The School's goal was to find new talents, embrace them and educate them in the best possible way. Kamal-ol-Molk did not confine himself to painting. Rather, he introduced other arts and crafts such as carpet weaving, mosaic designing, and woodwork to his school in order to revive the dying fine arts. In addition to teaching art, through his kind behavior he also taught students love, morals and humanity. Many a time he stayed late at school, teaching. He even allotted a portion of his monthly payment to poor students.

Recently, a museum was established in the old building of Daneshsara, containing paintings from Kamalolmolk and his students.

موزه کمال الملک، باغ نگارستان، تهران

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Additional Photos by Akbar Shafiee (Leo71538) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 179 W: 50 N: 166] (552)
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