Amir Kabir (امیرکبیر in Persian), also known as Mirza Taghi Khan Amir-Nezam (میرزا تقیخان امیرنظام), (c.1807 – January 9, 1852) was the chancellor of Persia under Nasereddin Shah. He was born in Hazaveh, a province of Arak.
His father, Karbalaee Ghorban (کربلائی قربان in Persian), was a cook for Gha'em-Magham Farahani, a previous chancellor, which made Mirza Taghi Khan learn many skills of the court.
Amir Kabir was sent to the Ottoman Empire to represent Persia in negotiations for an end to a hundred years of war between the two empires. He also helped Nesereddin Shah to receive the throne, so the shah made him his chancellor and gave his sister to him in marriage.
Government expenditure was slashed, and a distinction was made between the privy and public purses. The instruments of central administration were overhauled, and Amir Kabir assumed responsibility for all areas of the bureaucracy. Additionally, Amir Kabir curtailed foreign interference in Iran's domestic affairs.
Amir Kabir started many reformistic movements in Persia. He founded Darolfonoon, the first European-style college in Persia. He also supported the foundation of the first Persian newspaper, vaghaye al etefaghiyeh, and lapsed the huge salaries that members of the royal family were receiving from the national treasury, which caused the royals, led by the shah's mother, to invent allegations against him. These people convinced the shah to dismiss Amir Kabir and send him into internal exile in Kashan.
It is said that the Russian embassy offered him a refuge in Russia, which Amir Kabir declined. Later, when the shah was drunk, the shah's mother and her aids asked him for an order to execute Amir Kabir, and executed the order very quickly in Kashan's Fin Bath, before the shah could rescind the order.
The Amirkabir University of Technology in Tehran today is named after him in his honor.
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