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Around 3000 BC, great changes were taking place throughout Britain. It was the beginning of the end of the building of chambered tombs, although paradoxically some of the finest were created around that time.

The Calanais stone ring is not a true circle, and it is not certain how it was laid out. It is symmetrical, set along a line running true east-west through the centre of the huge central stone. The western half of the ring is a true semi-circle, but the eastern half is flattened, as if the ring faced the spring sunrise. The southern row runs nearly due south towards the natural outcrop called Cnoc an Tursa. However, the south row is not really straight and the stones of the ring are not precisely on any neat geometrical figure. The sense we impose on them is a modern sense, not necessarily a rediscovery of ancient meaning.

Local tradition explains the presence of these stones by saying that when giants of old who then lived on the island refused to be Christianed, St.Kieran turned them to stone. Another local belief of this Gaelic-speaking community was that when the sun rose on midsummer morn, the 'shining one' walked along the stone avenue, his arrival heralded by the cuckoo's call.

Source: http://www.culturehebrides.com/archaeology/calanais/

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