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Photographer's Note

This is the 3rd and final image in a short series of shots taken at Stonenenge.
there were lots of people at the site so I had to 'remove' some from this shot.
I have posted the original as a WS.
Although very impressive the stones are part of a much larger landscape, this is what I have tried to show here.

The following text is taken from this site.

http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/ConWebDoc.1914

'Stonehenge was built in three phases. The first stage was a circle of timbers surrounded by a ditch and bank.
The first henge was built in about 3,100 BC.
56 holes have been located, now known as Aubrey Holes, named after the 17th century antiquarian, John Aubrey, who found them in about 1666.
We know that these holes were dug to hold wooden posts, just as holes were dug later to hold the stone pillars.
This was the first stage built about 5,050 years ago, a wooden post circle surrounded by a deep ditch and bank.

Then about 4,500 years ago – 2,500 BC it was rebuilt.
This time in stone, bluestones were used which are the smaller stones that can see in the picture.
These came from the Prescelli Mountains in Pembroke, South Wales 245 miles (380kms), dragged down to the sea, floated on huge rafts, brought up the River Avon, finally overland to where they are today.
Each stone weighs about five tons. It required unbelievable dedication from ancient man to bring these stones all the way from South Wales.
Before the second phase of Stonehenge was complete work stopped and there was a period of abandonment.
Then began a new bigger, even better Stonehenge, the one that we know today- this was approximately 4,300 years ago, about 2,300 BC, the third and final stage of what we see now.

The bluestones were dug up and rearranged and this time even bigger stones were brought in from the Marlborough Downs, 20 miles (32 kms)away.
These giant sandstones or Sarsen stones, as they are now called were hammered to size using balls of stone known as ‘mauls'.
Even today you can see the drag marks. Each pair of stones was heaved upright and linked on the top by the lintels.
To get the lintels to stay in place, the first wood working techniques were used.
They made joints in stone, linking the lintels in a circular manner using a tongue and groove joint, and subsequently the upright and lintel with a ball and socket joint or mortice and tenon. This was all cleverly designed on the alignment of the rising of the mid summer sun'.

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Additional Photos by Stephen Wilkinson (wilkinsonsg) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 879 W: 48 N: 1446] (8662)
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