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Photographer's Note

Whitby Abbey was founded in the seventh century on cliffs by the sea; its haunting remains can still be seen from the sea and are a testament to the Golden Age of Northumbria.
Although Whitby later became well-known as a sea port associated with Captain Cook and the monastery which inspired portions of Bram Stoker's Dracula, its legendary history began with the seventh-century abbey.
The Danes sacked and destroyed Whitby in 867 C.E., and monastic life ceased there until 1078 . The Norman Conquest brought a renewal of monastic life in many parts of England and the Normans began their restoration in the late 1070s.
Soon after Henry VIII separated the Church of England from the Roman Church, he dissolved the monasteries and the Abbey remains were sold to the Cholmley family whose mansion was constructed of plundered materials from Whitby.
The collapse of the nave in 1762 and the collapse of the central tower and west front later in the eighteenth century left Whitby in a state if total ruin until the excavation project began in 1920.
Today most of the ruins of Whitby date from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries and it’s haunting remains still stand atop the cliffs as a beacon, as they once did.
Tech,Camera: I used a dark red filter with the grey grad to pull in the sky and the shift Nikkor took care of DoF.
Photoshop: In curves I Pulled the toe to boost the shadow detail. Cropped and sharpened.

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Additional Photos by Richard Birkett (merpb) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 404 W: 94 N: 343] (1995)
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