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Ñâÿòî-Ïðåîáðàæåíñêèé êàôåäðàëüíûé ñîáîð â Äîíåöêå — êàôåäðàëüíûé ïðàâîñëàâíûé õðàì â ÷åñòü Ïðåîáðàæåíèÿ Ãîñïîäíÿ, ãëàâíûé õðàì Äîíåöêîé åïàðõèè Óêðàèíñêîé Ïðàâîñëàâíîé Öåðêâè (Ìîñêîâñêèé Ïàòðèàðõàò).
Ïîñòðîåí â êîíöå XX âåêà ïî îáðàçöó îäíîèì¸ííîé ðàçðóøåííîé â 1933 ãîäó öåðêâè.

Ñîáîð ñòðîèòñÿ íà ìåñòå, ãäå ðàíüøå áûëî êëàäáèùå. Êëàäáèùå íàõîäèëîñü ïîä ñêâåðîì èì. Ãîðüêîãî ïðîòÿæ¸ííîñòüþ îò óëèöû Àðò¸ìà äî Êðûòîãî ðûíêà. Äî âîéíû îíî áûëî ãîðîäñêèì.  ïåðèîä îêêóïàöèè íåìöû ñòàëè õîðîíèòü òàì ñâîèõ ñîëäàò, ðÿäîì, â çäàíèè øêîëû ¹2, â òî âðåìÿ ðàçìåùàëñÿ ãîñïèòàëü.
Ïðåæäå ÷åì ðûòü êîòëîâàí, áûëè ïîñòðîåíû äâà ñêëåïà, ãäå ïîãðåáëè âñå íàéäåííûå îñòàíêè óñîïøèõ.  áóäóùåì íàä ýòèìè çàõîðîíåíèÿìè áóäóò âîçâåäåíû ÷àñîâíè. Ïàìÿòíèê Ìàêñèìó Ãîðüêîìó íå áûë ðàçðóøåí, îí áûë ïåðåíåñ¸í â ðàéîí ìåäèíñòèòóòà.

Íà òåððèòîðèè Äîíáàññà èçäàâíà ñòðîèëèñü ïðàâîñëàâíûå öåðêâè, àðõèòåêòóðà êîòîðûõ áûëà îñíîâàíà íà ñî÷åòàíèè ñðåäíåâåêîâîãî ðóññêîãî çîä÷åñòâà ñ ýëåìåíòàìè åâðîïåéñêîé êóëüòóðû. Ïîýòîìó îáëèê ñòðîÿùåãîñÿ ñîáîðà ïîëíîñòüþ ñîîòâåòñòâóåò ðàíåå ñëîæèâøèìñÿ ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿì âåðóþùèõ î ïðàâîñëàâíîì õðàìå. Ñîáîð èìååò ïÿòü êóïîëîâ, âûñîêóþ êîëîêîëüíþ è òðè àïñèäû.  îñíîâó îáðàçíîãî ðåøåíèÿ çàëîæåíà ôîðìà êðåñòà – ðàñïÿòèÿ.

Àëòàðíàÿ ÷àñòü ñèìâîëèçèðóåò ãîëîâó, ïðîäîëüíûå íåôû – æèâîò, âåòâè ïåðâîãî òðàíñåïòà – ðóêè, âòîðîãî — íîãè. Ñ áîêîâûõ ôàñàäîâ õðàì âûçûâàåò àññîöèàöèþ ñ êîðàáë¸ì, ýòî äîëæíî íàïîìèíàòü âåðóþùèì î òîì, ÷òî öåðêîâü – êîðàáëü, â êîòîðîì îíè ñïàñàþòñÿ îò æèòåéñêèõ áóðü.

Îáùàÿ ïëîùàäü ñîáîðà – 1000 êâ.ì, ÷òî ïîçâîëèò îäíîâðåìåííî íàõîäèòüñÿ â íåì áîëåå òðåõ òûñÿ÷ ÷åëîâåê. Äëÿ ïåñíîïåíèé ïðåäóñìîòðåíû õîðû, èìåþùèå Ï-îáðàçíóþ ôîðìó è ëåñòíè÷íûå âõîäû. Çíà÷èòåëüíàÿ ÷àñòü õîðîâ òàê æå ìîæåò áûòü èñïîëüçîâàíà äëÿ ðàçìåùåíèÿ 400 ïðèõîæàí.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Olya Antipina (ellis_wyatt) Silver Star Critiquer [C: 12 W: 0 N: 9] (46)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2009-03-10
  • Categories: Architecture
  • Exposure: f/8.4, 1/180 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2010-06-17 2:42
Viewed: 1251
Points: 0
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Additional Photos by Olya Antipina (ellis_wyatt) Silver Star Critiquer [C: 12 W: 0 N: 9] (46)
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