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Photographer's Note

The Basel Minster (German: Basler Münster) is one of the main landmarks and tourist attractions of the Swiss city of Basel. It adds definition to the cityscape with its red sandstone architecture and coloured roof tiles, its two slim towers and the cross-shaped intersection of the main roof. The Münster is listed as a heritage site of national significance.

Originally a Catholic cathedral and today a reformed Protestant church, it was built between 1019 and 1500 in Romanesque and Gothic styles. The late Romanesque building was destroyed by the 1356 Basel earthquake and rebuilt by Johannes Gmünd, who was at the same time employed for building the Freiburg Münster. This building was extended from 1421 by Ulrich von Ensingen, architect of the cathedral towers at Ulm and Strasbourg. The southern tower was completed in 1500 by Hans von Nußdorf.

The hill on which the Minster is located today was already a building site in the late Celtic Era in first century BC. A pre-Roman rampart (Murus Gallicus) was uncovered during archeological excavations. Both gate constructions and the historical run of the street can be partly retraced. This road parted at today's position of the Minster where once assumedly was a small temple which later was replaced by a Roman fort.

The first bishop of Basel is claimed to be Justinianus 343-346 AC. The bishop's see was relocated from Kaiseraugst (Augusta Raurica) to Minster hill during the Early Middle Ages. According to the archeologist Hans Rudolf Sennhauser this transfer presumably took place at the beginning of the seventh Century under bishop Ragnacharius, a former monk of monastery Luxeuil. There is no historical evidence for (the existence) of a cathedral before the ninth century.

The above was taken from a lengthy article on Wikipedea.

The image was originally shot on Agfa CT21 slide film and has since been transferred to digital. Apologies for any shortcomings and lack of sharpness due to age and the transfer process.

timecapturer, tedesse, ikeharel, jlbrthnn, thebest, pierrefonds has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Stephen Nunney (snunney) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6299 W: 61 N: 18277] (82487)
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